calico, plain weave cotton fabric in one or more colors. Calico, named for Calicut, India, where the fabric originated, was mentioned by historians before the Christian era and praised by early travelers for its fine texture and beautiful colors. Block-printed cottons from Calicut imported into England c.1630 were called calicuts. The name calico was soon applied to all Indian cottons having an equal number of warp and weft threads, then to all plain weave cottons.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
(from French calencar, India or Persian cotton material; borrowed from Persian), a plain-weave cotton fabric used primarily for book binding and clothing linings. Calico becomes stiff and glossy after additional fabric finishing.
a thin, coarse cotton fabric of plain weave. Calico is used in the manufacture of oilcloth, Leatherette, and similar products. Chintz and such linen fabrics as madapollam and muslin are obtained by applying the appropriate finish to calico.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Any plain-weave or inexpensive figured cotton cloth.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
1. a white or unbleached cotton fabric with no printed design
2. Chiefly US a coarse printed cotton fabric
3. made of calico
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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Calico(CAlifornia LIfe COmpany) An Alphabet company founded in 2013 by Google and Arthur D. Levinson, former chairman of Genentech. Researching ways to combat age-related diseases, including neurodegeneration (loss of neurons in the brain) and cancer, Calico is involved in bringing the experimental P7C3 drug compounds into therapeutic use. A long-term goal of Calico LLC is to prolong the lifespan of ordinary humans. See Alphabet.
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