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Related to caliph: Caliph Ali


, calif, kalif, khalif
Islam the title of the successors of Mohammed as rulers of the Islamic world, later assumed by the Sultans of Turkey
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the spiritual and secular head of the Muslim community and of the theocratic Muslim state, or caliphate. The caliphs were regarded at first as deputies of Allah’s messenger Muhammad, and later—from the time of the Umayyads—as deputies of Allah himself on this earth. Beginning with the first half of the tenth century, the title of caliph was adopted by the Fatimids and by the Umayyads in Spain, as well as by the Abbasids. After the fall of the Abbasid caliphate in the 13th century, the title was used by the heads, or sultans, of certain Muslim states (for example, the Turkish sultans) who claimed spiritual sovereignty over all the world’s Muslims. See references under .

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
He said that in the case of Caliph Ali, he lost against a Jew who stole his shield.
The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community has 30,000 members in the UK and millions more across the world - many of whom travel to England to visit the Caliph.
A glossary of terms, such as Caliph, Imam and Dua, is provided and a historical note of only 2 to 3 pages puts the events of the book into the true context of the time (a wondrous clock sent to Charlemagne in AD 807 is described in official records).
THE English word Caliph is a translation of the Arabic word 'Khalifa'.
Amman, May 10 (Petra)-- Deputising for His Majesty King Abdullah, His Royal Highness Crown Prince Al Hussein bin Abdullah II on Friday attended the 91st Hashemite Scientific Council at the Royal Cultural Centre, the first to be held this year, covering Abu Bakr, one of Prophet Mohammad's companions and the first caliph. The Ministry of Awqaf and Islamic Affairs holds the Hashemite Scientific Councils every Ramadan, hosting scholars and thought leaders from the Arab and Muslim world to discuss issues related to Islam.
Hanzala, prominent leader of the 63/683 revolt against the Umayyad caliph in Medina; the literary genre adab al-mufti in which a Muslim jurist issues a legal opinion; ajal, the Arabic term for the predetermined length of one's life; companion to the Prophet and contender for caliph 'Ali b.
(2) Disappointingly, his handlers did not leave anything to chance, the security of the 'caliph being too important to risk with sloppy film-making.
"A caliph thousands of miles away which preaches violence and hatred gets more media attention than the caliph in our own city in London who preaches love and peace," Sabah Ahmedi tells me.
ISIL still has a caliph in the field, for there is no knowledge of the fate of Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi, the state's caliph.
The caliph offered back his job but John politely declined.
LAHORE:This story is about the most extravagant marriage ceremony in Islamic history, between the Abbasid caliph Al-Mamun and his wife Buran, daughter of one of his close trusted advisors and one of the two brothers who were instrumental in winning him the caliphate.
After Ghulam Ahmad's death, Ahmadi Muslims maintained the tradition of centralised spiritual leadership by electing a "Caliph".