corpus

(redirected from Callosum)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial.
Related to Callosum: thalamus

corpus

1. a collection or body of writings, esp by a single author or on a specific topic
2. Anatomy
a. any distinct mass or body
b. the main part of an organ or structure
3. the inner layer or layers of cells of the meristem at a shoot tip, which produces the vascular tissue and pith

corpus

Latin for "body," corpus refers to a collection of items. Any very large body of work that is written (text), spoken or on video can be called a corpus. The Web is a gigantic corpus.
References in periodicals archive ?
This diet leads to selective oligodendrocyte death followed by demyelination of axons mainly in the corpus callosum. (12) On day zero after cuprizone removal, animals were randomly divided into two groups: (a) placebo group, which received saline pellet implant (n=10), (b) progesterone group, which received progesterone pellet implant (n=10).
Of the twenty-two cases (68.7%) with persistent antenatal ventriculomegaly, 25.0% (8/32) had unexplained ventriculomegaly, 18.7% (6/32) had corpus callosum agenesis and 9.3% (3/32) had Chiari malformations.
An improved corpus callosum helps with executive skills, memory, problem solving, and overall brain function, regardless of how old you are.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) has a typical distribution of white matter hyperintensities--corpus callosum, U-fibers, temporal lobes, brainstem, cerebellum and spinal cord.
Schizophrenia and the corpus callosum. Developmental, structural and functional relationships.
The loss of astrocytes was more pronounced in the corpus callosum of the mutant mice.
Transient corpus callosum splenium lesions have been identified in many infectious and non-infectious diseases (3).
They found that the differences in the corpus callosum were linked to callous behavior, including deficits in empathy and a disregard for other people's feelings.
The clinical features of Peters plus syndrome includes a prominent forehead, narrow palpebral fissures, a long philtrum, cupid's bow upper lips, cleft lip and palate, preauricular ribs, micrognathia, a broad neck, cataracts and glaucoma, short limbs, brachydactyly, clinodactyly, microcephaly, brain atrophy, agenesis of the corpus callosum, and variable developmental delay and intellectual disability.
MRI revealed an interhemispheric cyst with left frontal lobe gliosis and cortical dysplasia, as well as aplasia of the rostrum and left genu of the corpus callosum. It was later elucidated that the patient exhibited mild cognitive delay.
Arthrogryposis, renal tubular dysfunction, cholestasis (ARC) syndrome was originally described in 1973 by Lutz-Richner and Landolt (1) severe growth retardation, ichthyosis, recurrentfebriledisease, plateletabnormalities, sensorineural hearing loss, hypotonia and corpus callosum dysgenesis were later included as further features of the syndrome (1,2).
It had come up with Agenesis of the Corpus Callosum'" Agenesis of the Corpus Callosum (ACC) is a rare neurological condition in which the Corpus Callosum, the major 'pathway' or 'bridge' that links the two hemispheres of the brain, fails to develop.