calumet


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Calumet

(kăl`yo͞omĕt'), industrialized region of NW Ind. and NE Ill., along the south shore of Lake Michigan. Once a great heavy industry and steel manufacturing center, the area has become largely residential. The chief cities of the region are Gary, East Chicago, and Hammond (all in Indiana).

calumet

[Fr.,=reed], name given by the French to the peace pipe used by the indigenous people of North America for smoking tobacco; it consisted of a long, feathered stem, with or without a pipe bowl. Such pipes were considered sacred, offering communion with the animate powers of the universe and embodying the honor and the source of power of Native Americans who possessed them. Every aspect of their fashioning and decoration was symbolic, and they varied from tribe to tribe. Calumets were particularly used at the conclusion of peace treaties and in ceremonies of adoption. They served as ambassadors' credentials and were passports of safe-conduct wherever recognized. To refuse to smoke the calumet when invited was considered an extreme insult. The pipes were principally used by the Dakotan (Siouan) and Algonquian peoples of the Great Plains and in the SE United States. However, pipes were used throughout most of North America, and communal smoking, wherever found, usually carried the guarantees of amity granted with food sharing. In the Middle West pipestonepipestone,
hard, dull red or mottled pink-and-white clay stone, carved by Native Americans into pipes. Called calumets (see calumet) the pipes were used extensively in ceremonials.
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 was much used in making them.
References in periodicals archive ?
With technology, Calumet Bank provides customers with robust banking systems in a distinct culture of stewardship and trust.
At Holcomb's direction, Indiana state agencies have already begun providing assistance to the city, including relocation assistance for the residents of the West Calumet Housing Complex and pledging to provide water filters to residents in the remainder of the Superfund site.
Calumet Speciality Products Partners submitted a permit application to the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, seeking permission to move ahead with a $30 million project designed to improve the efficiency of the plant.
Calumet Carton will be showcasing their "Smarter Packaging" solutions, also known as Frustration-Free packaging at the show.
When the staff wrote about the exchange in the paper this past February, The Calumet's advisor, Jim Compton, was told he wouldn't be returning to his position next year.
A recent study of public records, including the 1910 federal census, revealed some very interesting findings about females in Calumet Township.
Founded in 1968, Calumet takes pride in manufacturing every one of its boards in North America.
Established by William Monroe Wright in 1924, Calumet reigned as one of America's premier farms for the best part of the 20th century, its distinctive red and blue colours carried by champions such as Citation, Whirlaway and Alydar.
For more than 75 years, Calumet have been supplying both professional and budding photographers with the right tools for the job.
Advertising optimisation software provider OptiMine Software has announced it has raised USD900,000 in Series A funding led by Calumet Venture Partners.
Photographic equipment retailer Calumet has become the second retail tenant at 100 Hagley Road.