Defamation

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Defamation

 

in criminal law, a crime against the individual, consisting in the spreading of fabrications known to be false that defame another person. For the act to be deemed defamation, it is necessary that the guilty person know that he is spreading false information intended to damage the victim’s reputation, and it is sufficient that the information be communicated to only one person. Under Soviet law, circumstances aggravating responsibility are the spreading of false defamatory fabrications by a person previously convicted of defamation; the spreading of defamatory fabrications in a printed work or a work reproduced by other means; and the spreading of fabrications known to be false combined with the accusation of commission of a crime against the state or other grave crime.

Defamation is punishable by deprivation of freedom or correctional labor for a term of one year or a fine of 50 rubles, or by imposition of the obligation to make amends for the harm caused, or by public censure. In the event of aggravating circumstances, deprivation of freedom for a five-year term may be applied (for example, Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 130). In cases involving defamation without aggravating circumstances proceedings are initiated only on the complaint of the victim and are subject to dismissal in the event of reconciliation with the defendant before the court withdraws to render its judgment. In exceptional instances provided for by law, proceedings may be initiated by the procurator even in the absence of a complaint by the victim. The circulation of true though defamatory information does not constitute a crime under Soviet legislation.

References in periodicals archive ?
The importance of calumny is in a sense bound up with honor and you cannot establish calumny without first mentioning honor.
So much, indeed, that we could easily have forged our own credible path forward and saved ourselves the calumny of international condemnation.
I have seen them consign two thousand years of calumny to the
But then I discovered the source of this calumny was the SNP itself
A quick poll around the office added macabre, serene, serendipity, magnanimous, calumny, grotesque, tomfoolery, unctuous and apple crumble.
But what can one make of the panel clutching to its collective chest the calumny that a conference centre is not as compelling a benefit as those of other proposals?
Oppression, injustice, contempt, contumely, violence, sedition, war, calumny, treachery, fraud' by these they mutually torment each other.
There is such a strong defense of the virginity of Mary here that the Qu'ran, in the fourth book, attributed the condemnation of the Jews to their monstrous calumny against the Virgin Mary.
The story is always the same: Periodically, a mainstream newspaper or magazine will run a "barbarians at the gate" story about blogs as purveyors of misinformation, calumny, and digital mob rule, and the Web will respond by summoning the unquiet ghost of disgraced New York Times reporter Jayson Blair and scoffing at the mainstream media's obvious fear of competition.
To call it confused would be a calumny on confusion; to say that it was a hash of half-understood liberal cliches would be unfair to the institution of the cliche.
Had such a calumny come from Howard Dean, say, rather than from Giuliani, it would have ignited a firestorm.
The rumor-mongers were wrong, he claimed, who "had spread the calumny that the cause of liberty had been wrongly entrusted to the Roman people, and that the Greeks had merely exchanged Macedonian masters for Roman lords.