The researchers found that patients with OSA had thinner mean calvaria
(2.73 versus 2.47 mm; difference, −0.26 mm [95 percent confidence interval, −0.49 to −0.04]) and thinner skull bases (5.03 versus 4.32 mm; difference, −0.71 mm [95 percent confidence interval, −1.23 to −0.19]).
Congenital Cavernous Hemangioma of the Calvaria
: A Case Report.
The idea of human bones wrenched from beasts' teeth, which Apuleius inserts amongst Pamphile's magical components (3,17,5: extorta dentibus ferarum trunca calvaria
), likely derives from a literary tradition that can be found in Horace's Fifth Epode (5,23: et ossa ab ore rapta ieiunae canis) and Lucan's Bellum Civile (6,551-553: nec carpere membra / volt ferro manibusque suis, morsusque luporum / expectat siccis raptura e faucibus artus).
The mice were divided into four experimental groups and subjected to daily subcutaneous injections on the calvaria
with phosphatebuffered saline (PBS, negative control group), LPS alone (100 [micro]g/day, positive control group), LPS (100 [micro]g/day) and exendin-4 (20 [micro]g/day), and exendin-4 alone (20 [micro]g/day) for 5 days.
MC3T3-E1 cells, which are osteoblasts derived from mouse calvaria
[36-38], were seeded in 10 cm plastic cell culture plates (Becton Dickinson, Franklin Lakes, NJ, USA) at 1.5 x [10.sup.5] cells per plate in a-minimum essential medium (a-MEM; Invitrogen, Grand Island, NY, USA) containing 10% inactivated fetal bovine serum (FBS; Bio West, Miami, FL, USA) and 1% penicillin G-streptomycin sulfate (Invitrogen).
(b) Bright field images of the newborn calvaria
. No GFP expression was detected in Oct4-EGFP calvaria
, whereas GFP expression was observed in calvaria
isolated from a transgenic mouse carrying both Osx1-GFP::Cre and Oct4-EGFP.
Bone radiographic examination of the skull showing multiple lytic lesion among the calvaria
, decreased diffuse bone density among the calvaria
, and multiple lytic lesion in the calvaria
, maxilla, and mandible.
Fetuses suffer from oligohydramnios, leading to limb contractions and pulmonary hypoplasia, premature birth, growth retardation, and hypoplastic calvaria
. Most of the affected infants require intensive care, including mechanical ventilation and peritoneal dialysis, because of lung hypoplasia and renal failure.
investigated the effects of EMF waveform on primary rat calvaria
These abnormalities include frontoparietal bossing, thick calvaria
, open fontanelles, hypoplastic paranasal sinuses, beaked nose, high arched palate, mandibular hypoplasia, and large protruding tongue .
The patient was admitted with unhealthy scar tissue on left calvaria
with underlying bone with discharging sinus.
Effect of chromium on vertebrae, femur and calvaria
of adult male rats.