camber


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Related to camber: Camber beam, Camber angle

camber

1. another name for bank
2. Engineering an outward inclination of the front wheels of a road vehicle so that they are slightly closer together at the bottom than at the top
3. Aeronautics aerofoil curvature expressed by the ratio of the maximum height of the aerofoil mean line to its chord

Camber

A slightly convex curvature intentionally built into a beam, girder, or truss to compensate for an anticipated deflection so that it will not sag under load; any curved surface designed to facilitate runoff water.

Camber

 

in automobiles, the positioning of the wheels at an angle to the vertical plane, causing the spacing between the top of the wheels to be greater than that between the bottom. Camber makes it possible to avoid the inward tilt of the wheels as the automobile moves; this tilt can be caused by the flexing of the front axle under a load and also by the existence of play in the bushings of the kingpins and wheel bearings. Camber in the front wheels facilitates steering.


Camber

 

a slight convexity given to structural members (beams, trusses) to improve their performance and architectural qualities. The camber ensures that structural members will attain the designed shape and not sag when subjected to loads that cause elastic strains and flex connections and angle joints. The amount of camber is determined by the dimensions of the structural member, the elasticity of the materials, and the kind of load. It is usually taken into consideration during the fabrication of a structural member by suitable alterations of design, but in many cases it is accomplished by prestressing the member.

camber

[′kam·bər]
(aerospace engineering)
The rise of the curve of an airfoil section, usually expressed as the ratio of the departure of the curve from a straight line joining the extremities of the curve to the length of this straight line.
(design engineering)
Deviation from a straight line; the term is applied to a convex, edgewise sweep or curve, or to the increase in diameter at the center of rolled materials.
(geology)
A terminal, convex shoulder of the continental shelf.
A structural feature that is caused by plastic clay beneath a bed flowing toward a valley so that the bed sags downward and seems to be draped over the sides of the valley.
(naval architecture)

camber

1. A slight convex curvature built into a truss or beam to compensate for any anticipated deflection so that it will have no sag when under load. Also see bow.
2. A slight convex curvature of any surface, e.g., to facilitate the runoff of water.

camber

camberclick for a larger image
i. The curvature of an airfoil above and below the chord-line surface. It is the distance between the mean camber line and the chord line. Where the mean camber line lies above the chord line, the airfoil is said to have a positive camber. Maximum camber is a ratio of maximum distance between the camber line to the chord length. Camber is generally confused with the thickness of the airfoil, which is the greatest distance between the upper and lower surfaces of the airfoil.
ii. The angle of the wheels of an aircraft from vertical. If the wheels are tilted outward, the camber is positive, and if they are tilted inward, the camber is negative. See negative camber ii.
References in periodicals archive ?
This experiment compared the assisted steering function combined with camber angle control, and the assisted steering function combined with DSA.
Our parent company, Hetero Drugs is committed to the continued growth of Camber Pharmaceuticals and helping us create a world-class organization that will be a leader in the generics field for years to come.
Figure 8 shows the effect on the front camber and figure 9 shows the result on rear camber.
The behavior of the wheel guiding mechanisms modeled before could be described by the variations the track width, wheel camber angle and of the steering axis angle depending on the wheel vertical displacement.
They are being sued for pounds 23,000 by Cathy, 63, and her husband James, 72, who claim they lost their home, two flats and cars following advice from Camber, 68, who has been exposed as a sleazy pimp and benefits cheat.
Each subject's wheelchair was fitted with a camber bar insert that adjusted the wheels to a preset camber angle.
I think Fls would have a problem at 60 down to 15mph with the large camber.
System determines where the lane markings are and by working with the electric power steering system creates "virtual camber" so that the wheels are maintained on the center of the lane.
Bearing on piled concrete abutments, the single span (35.7m clear) has a slight camber that was reduced as planned by selfweight once the huge beam was in position.
An international company with offices in the United States, Germany, Bosnia and Korea, Camber Corporation provides automated information systems, engineering support services, and acquisition and program management support for the U.S.
The main attraction in the F 400 Carving is a new system that varies the camber angle on the outer wheels between 0 and 20 degrees, depending on the road situation.