camp

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camp

Informal
consciously artificial, exaggerated, vulgar, or mannered; self-parodying, esp when in dubious taste
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Camp

 

a place for the stationing of troops outside inhabited communities (usually in a sparse forest or grove), which is specially equipped depending on the mission to be performed.

Camps have been known since ancient times. A distinction was made between campaign and permanent camps. The latter were protected by a moat and a wall and were reinforced with palisades or stones and several rows of carts; some camps were surrounded by a thick wall with a moat flanked by towers. In combat, fortified camps served as combat positions for the army and places for storing food and ammunition. The art of setting up camps reached a high point of development in ancient Rome. Later other peoples began applying the Roman art of setting up camps.

In Russia rules of setting up and fortifying army camps were expounded for the first time between 1607 and 1621 in the Regulations on Army, Gunnery, and Other Affairs. Training camps appeared in Russia in the 17th century. Peter I was the first to decree that troops should spend some time in training camps. In the 17th and 18th centuries, when linear tactics predominated, troops were deployed in a camp in a linear combat order. Until the middle of the 19th century the choosing of a site and the setting up of camps was a separate branch of the art of warfare, called castrametation. In the second half of the 19th century the development of artillery and other means of destruction made it necessary to disperse the troops in combat, and camps lost their importance as fortified stations of troops.

The Soviet armed forces and armies of other states have training camps and training centers, which have a role to play in the combat training of troops under field conditions. For the training of troops camps are equipped with training fields, target ranges, firing grounds, and other facilities. When troops are stationed in camps and training centers, the special features of the routine garrison duty are determined by the corresponding regulations.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

cAMP

(biochemistry)
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
I am only 5ft 8in so I agreed to sleep on the camp bed.
Sleeping bags are warm and cosy and no one goes to bed without lying on a blow-up mattress or camp bed.
Miss Collett is now sleeping on a camp bed at her grandmother's house and has put her home up for sale.
Stay over at his house, but don't have sex with him - sleep on a camp bed. Can you really do that?
Mr Assange, who has been at the embassy since June 19 and sleeps on a camp bed, plans to make a statement tomorrow via video link.
Camp bed dormitories were set up in case some lords needed a lie down, although some nodded off where they sat.
AN EVANGELIST who spent months lying on a camp bed during church services because of illness will minister to the sick and disabled during a healing event at a north Warwickshire church.
Co If yo frien St don on a do t It abou com Still stay over at his house, but don't have sex with him - sleep on a camp bed. But can you really do that?
Perhaps they can put the camp bed inside to good use.
Her husband, who used to be an Army sniper, sleeps on a camp bed in the kitchen because she is scared of what he could do when asleep.
Dawn Milburn, 27, who had a leg amputated to try to beat bone cancer, is spending her final days sharing a camp bed at her mum's house with her four children.
But it looks as if Tara, 31, has finally flipped as she contorts her body in a series of stretching exercises on top of her camp bed.