camp meeting


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camp meeting,

outdoor religious meeting, usually held in the summer and lasting for several days. The camp meeting was a prominent institution of the American frontier. It originated under the preaching of James McGreadyMcGready, James
, c.1758–1817, American Presbyterian minister and evangelist, b. Pennsylvania. His preaching (1797–99) in Logan co., Ky., began the great religious revival which in 1800 swept over the South and the West.
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 in Kentucky early in the course of a religious revival (c.1800) and spread throughout the United States. Immense crowds flocked to hear the noted revivalist preachers, bringing bedding and provisions in order to camp on the grounds. The meetings were directed by a number of preachers who relieved each other in carrying on the services, sometimes preaching simultaneously in different parts of the camp grounds. Shouting, shaking, and rolling on the ground often accompanied the tremendous emotional release that followed upon "conversion," although these extravagances were opposed and discouraged by conservative ministers. Camp meetings were usually held by evangelical sects, such as the Methodists and Baptists, and by the Cumberland Presbyterians and other newer denominations that developed out of the religious revival. In modified form they continued to be a feature of social and religious life in the region between the Alleghenies and the Mississippi River until comparatively recent times. In a sense, they survive in summer conferences and assemblies, such as the Chautauqua Institution, in revivals, and their spirit is captured by some televangelists.

Bibliography

See D. Bruce, And They All Sang Hallelujah (1974); C. A. Johnson, The Frontier Camp Meeting (1955, repr. 1985).

References in periodicals archive ?
For much of the church's congregation, the Camp Meeting is a family tradition-with some extending four generations.
Often the camp meeting was closed with a love feast, a symbolic shared meal in which all new converts participated (Dickson, 1974).
Of course, the Cane Ridge, Kentucky, camp meeting of August, 1801, has become the emblem of the emerging motif of revivalism introduced at Red River.
To help preserve early spirituals, the group holds a camp meeting, a 19th Century style African-American worship service.
Our presbytery was asked to support an "Old-Fashioned Revival Crusade and Soul-Winning Camp Meeting Under a Tent." The suggestion came from Hiram P.
In 1885, the National Camp Meeting of the Holiness movement attracted thousands of people to Augusta.
And the musical quotations included such drastic departures from approved European models as camp meeting spirituals, brass band marches, turn-of-the-century croon songs, and ragtime.
year of the family leaning too heavily on woman the night before 'mother's day' alone his treat wanting to take me gambling at the casino my own need to return to my home town new window frames for the house where i grew up empty no mother on 'mother's day' behind the town's public toilets a convolvulus vine family reunion cancelled again river bank where we were forbidden to play a public walk camp meeting tent hot air fills my lungs dark night vehicle sounds cross the distant wood-plank bridge autumn night tears overflow my thoughts white mums for mum's day when can i stop being virginal year of the family being torn apart once more
But it floats on whites' inclination to see black Americans as spiritual folk, huddled organically around the camp meeting, communing with the racial essence through faith in things unseen.
The first recorded Methodist camp meeting was held in Logan County, Ky., near the Gaspar R.
Spirituals had a mixed heritage: African traditions, the slave experience, and white music, especially as transmitted through Methodist hymns and camp meeting songs.
Weinberg returned from the Seventh Day Adventist Illinois Conference camp meeting at La Fox.