camp meeting


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camp meeting,

outdoor religious meeting, usually held in the summer and lasting for several days. The camp meeting was a prominent institution of the American frontier. It originated under the preaching of James McGreadyMcGready, James
, c.1758–1817, American Presbyterian minister and evangelist, b. Pennsylvania. His preaching (1797–99) in Logan co., Ky., began the great religious revival which in 1800 swept over the South and the West.
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 in Kentucky early in the course of a religious revival (c.1800) and spread throughout the United States. Immense crowds flocked to hear the noted revivalist preachers, bringing bedding and provisions in order to camp on the grounds. The meetings were directed by a number of preachers who relieved each other in carrying on the services, sometimes preaching simultaneously in different parts of the camp grounds. Shouting, shaking, and rolling on the ground often accompanied the tremendous emotional release that followed upon "conversion," although these extravagances were opposed and discouraged by conservative ministers. Camp meetings were usually held by evangelical sects, such as the Methodists and Baptists, and by the Cumberland Presbyterians and other newer denominations that developed out of the religious revival. In modified form they continued to be a feature of social and religious life in the region between the Alleghenies and the Mississippi River until comparatively recent times. In a sense, they survive in summer conferences and assemblies, such as the Chautauqua Institution, in revivals, and their spirit is captured by some televangelists.

Bibliography

See D. Bruce, And They All Sang Hallelujah (1974); C. A. Johnson, The Frontier Camp Meeting (1955, repr. 1985).

References in periodicals archive ?
Often the camp meeting was closed with a love feast, a symbolic shared meal in which all new converts participated (Dickson, 1974).
The religious camp meeting usually was sponsored by the Wesleyan Methodist Church [in the US] and in Canada the United Church.
It was probably in the nature of throwing a bone to a disgruntled dog or, possibly, because the court subsequently became tired of hearing how well the "Eeevangellicull" churches were doing that we agreed to send a committee to the neighbouring county where an "Old-Fashioned Revival Crusade and Soul - Winning Camp Meeting Under a Tent" had been booked.
Realizing by the end of the 1880s that they must mollify the church's leadership if they were going to remain in the denomination, Georgia Holiness leaders disbanded their organizational structures with the exception of a non-denominational Indian Springs Camp Meeting Association.
The featured assets in Lot 38 include: approximately 15,069 videotapes, together with all registered and unregistered copyrights in works of authorship fixed on such videotapes, including the following unregistered copyrights: The PTL Club; The PTL Program; The Jim and Tammy Show; Breakfast with Jim and Tammy; Camp Meeting USA; All Night Gospel Sing; and Tammy's House Party.
And, according to team manager Michael Kearney, the Ireland skipper was "vocal" at Monday evening's camp meeting at Carton House.
Though professional evangelists, such as Jacob Knapp, standardized camp meeting revivalism, its crucial elements remained the dominant motif in Baptist tradition until the mid-twentieth century.
Saddlebag preachers thundered forth and Canada's first Camp Meeting was held here in 1805.
Kenneth Beer, Mary Lupo, Joel Cohen and Vic Narurkar are pleased to announce that the sponsorship levels for the Summer 07 Cosmetic Boot Camp Meeting have more than doubled from last year's comparable numbers.
Franklin attended nearly every camp meeting the past two school years.
Like some repentant sinner at the kind of camp meeting fleeced by the King, Huck accepts salvation--sham as it may be--by returning to his culture's racist faith once he meets Tom again at the Phelps' farm.
Zion Spiritual Singers for an authentic old time Camp Meeting at the Leadership Summit in Charleston, S.