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Politics Business a series of coordinated activities, such as public speaking and demonstrating, designed to achieve a social, political, or commercial goal
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Russian kampaniia, from the French campagne)

(1) Specially organized work for a certain period, activities aimed at implementing important recurring social and political, economic, or cultural measures (for example, election campaigns, sowing campaigns).

(2) In Russian a word referring to a period of uninterrupted operation of a unit, mechanism, or machine; the duration of its work from the moment it is started until it is stopped for a major overhaul (for example, the kampaniia of a blast furnace).

(3)A military campaign.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
'We urge all candidates not to campaign outside the official campaign period, and to be always mindful of the environmental impact of their campaigning activities,' Jimenez said
"Journalists and academics think of negative campaigning as personal attacks," says Geer.
In general, the most common forms of campaigning (even in affluent areas) were the use of guest houses for gatherings, personal visits by candidates to homes (usually the home of the head of the clan or the key person in a family association), and public gatherings.
Jimenez noted that approximately three months prior to the start of the campaign period, a candidate should be punished for campaigning prematurely if he or she distributes campaign propaganda.
It is axiomatic that the press is always trying to cover the previous campaign, but the changes in campaigning have occurred so rapidly that we have fallen further than four years behind.
This episode illustrates one of the principle rules of presidential campaigning: If a state is sure to vote for one party, neither candidate has an incentive to campaign there.
Originally, soft money was to be spent on grassroots campaigning by state and local parties for brochures, door knocking, and get-out-the-vote efforts.
He proves that negative campaigning doesn't work as well as people think.
It seems strange only in a political culture in which campaigning means that a candidate is lashed to a telephone, dialing for dollars to pay for television commercials the public has stopped watching.
In constant (inflation adjusted) dollars, the cost of campaigning increased 4.4 times during this period.
Thompson's swift rise to power can be attributed to equal parts luck, savvy, and timing Like many of the 1994 freshmen, he rode the prevailing wave of antigovernment sentiment into office, campaigning on a platform of term limits, campaign finance reform, and slashing congressional pay and perks.
The tortured illogic of campaigning for reform with special-interest money was quickly seized upon by 208's spinmasters, but their glee was short-lived.