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consciously artificial, exaggerated, vulgar, or mannered; self-parodying, esp when in dubious taste
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a place for the stationing of troops outside inhabited communities (usually in a sparse forest or grove), which is specially equipped depending on the mission to be performed.

Camps have been known since ancient times. A distinction was made between campaign and permanent camps. The latter were protected by a moat and a wall and were reinforced with palisades or stones and several rows of carts; some camps were surrounded by a thick wall with a moat flanked by towers. In combat, fortified camps served as combat positions for the army and places for storing food and ammunition. The art of setting up camps reached a high point of development in ancient Rome. Later other peoples began applying the Roman art of setting up camps.

In Russia rules of setting up and fortifying army camps were expounded for the first time between 1607 and 1621 in the Regulations on Army, Gunnery, and Other Affairs. Training camps appeared in Russia in the 17th century. Peter I was the first to decree that troops should spend some time in training camps. In the 17th and 18th centuries, when linear tactics predominated, troops were deployed in a camp in a linear combat order. Until the middle of the 19th century the choosing of a site and the setting up of camps was a separate branch of the art of warfare, called castrametation. In the second half of the 19th century the development of artillery and other means of destruction made it necessary to disperse the troops in combat, and camps lost their importance as fortified stations of troops.

The Soviet armed forces and armies of other states have training camps and training centers, which have a role to play in the combat training of troops under field conditions. For the training of troops camps are equipped with training fields, target ranges, firing grounds, and other facilities. When troops are stationed in camps and training centers, the special features of the routine garrison duty are determined by the corresponding regulations.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Because, in most cases, the camper has not experienced the joy of camp life and all the excitement yet to come, you will need to get the camper to agree to stay at camp and give it a try.
Play-Date at Camp is designed to help campers such as these.
As the first strategy that demonstrated the camp's commitment to serve parents and campers beyond customer service and satisfaction, it has helped cement a sense of trust for the next eleven years that has translated into more Hispanic parents sending their children to camp.
For campers and staff, Green River is a "No Discount" zone--"put-ups" rather than "put-downs" are encouraged.
* It appears that the amount of loss of camper weeks in some camps was offset by comparable increases in other camps.
Role-playing scenarios like this with campers can be very effective.
Campers and counselors often feel a sense of loss as the end of the summer/session approaches.
Compared to a demographically equivalent sample of first-year campers who did not receive this multimodal intervention, the first-year campers in this sample were less homesick, enjoyed camp more, and evidenced fewer behavior problems.
Campers and staff are coming to camp with more sexual experience--both personally and through exposure to increasingly graphic sexual material on television and the Internet--than ever before.
The camp provides information to campers and their parents about the camp, its mission, goals, activities, risks, and other important items.
Camp Henry, a residential, nonprofit Presbyterian, coed summer camp located in western Michigan serves over thirteen hundred campers each summer, with most campers attending for a one-week session.
When they are greeted by staff that not only can find their camper on a list, but can also introduce them to the counselor and provide a cabin name, that is certainly a good start.