Camphor Tree

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camphor tree

[′kam·fər ‚trē]
Cinnamomum camphora. A plant of the laurel family (Lauraceae) in the order Magnoliales from which camphor is extracted.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Camphor Tree


(Cinnamomum camphora), an evergreen tree of the family Lauraceae. Height, 20–50 m. It has leathery, aromatic leaves. Its small flowers are plain and whitish. All parts of the tree contain essential camphor oil; the camphor is obtained from the oil by oxidation. The wood of this tree is not damaged by insects. It grows wild in South China (primarily on the islands of Taiwan and Hainan) and in southern Japan; it is also grown in these regions for commercial purposes. In the USSR the camphor tree is grown on the Black Sea Shore of the Caucasus, but only on a small scale; camphor is obtained primarily from synthetic sources.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The construction of a reservoir in the early 2000s in the Jiangxi province (some 700km from Shanghai) threatened the area's historical villages and indigenous camphor trees. In response, the project - spanning over a decade - entailed the disassembling, relocation and restoration of the houses and trees in a bid to preserve China's vanishing past.
In the Yemen the lumber will be used to make kists, chests and other types of furniture for a market crazy about the camphor trees' red and orange wood and musky smell.
Calamenene and cadinene were previously reported in the literature in redbay (Hanula & Sullivan 2008) and b-caryophyllene was previously reported in seeds and leaves of camphor trees (Yong & Wenyi 2002; Zhu & Guo 2010).
Other Lauraceae susceptible to laurel wilt disease include silkbay (Persea humilis Nash), sassafras [Sassafras albidum (Nuttall) Nees], camphor tree [Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J.
That distinction goes to the camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora), which grows in Japan, China and Taiwan and the Borneo and Sabah camphorwood from various species of Dryobalanos.
Camphor is extracted from the branches of the true camphor tree via a steaming process.