Camphor Tree

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camphor tree

[′kam·fər ‚trē]
(botany)
Cinnamomum camphora. A plant of the laurel family (Lauraceae) in the order Magnoliales from which camphor is extracted.

Camphor Tree

 

(Cinnamomum camphora), an evergreen tree of the family Lauraceae. Height, 20–50 m. It has leathery, aromatic leaves. Its small flowers are plain and whitish. All parts of the tree contain essential camphor oil; the camphor is obtained from the oil by oxidation. The wood of this tree is not damaged by insects. It grows wild in South China (primarily on the islands of Taiwan and Hainan) and in southern Japan; it is also grown in these regions for commercial purposes. In the USSR the camphor tree is grown on the Black Sea Shore of the Caucasus, but only on a small scale; camphor is obtained primarily from synthetic sources.

References in periodicals archive ?
redbay, swampbay, silkbay, camphor tree, and lancewood [Ocotea coriacea (Sw.
Lauderdale, Florida); swampbay collected at Deering Estate (Miami, Florida); camphor tree collected at Montgomery Botanical Center (Miami, Florida), Bok Tower Gardens (Lake Wales, Florida), and a private residence (Lake Placid, Florida); and lancewood collected at Matheson Hammock (Miami, Florida).
Camphor tree also had high monoterpene emissions, consisting of 12, 12, and 10% of athujene, b-pinene and an unknown monoterpene (RI 1047), respectively.
Camphor is extracted from the branches of the true camphor tree via a steaming process.