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consciously artificial, exaggerated, vulgar, or mannered; self-parodying, esp when in dubious taste
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a place for the stationing of troops outside inhabited communities (usually in a sparse forest or grove), which is specially equipped depending on the mission to be performed.

Camps have been known since ancient times. A distinction was made between campaign and permanent camps. The latter were protected by a moat and a wall and were reinforced with palisades or stones and several rows of carts; some camps were surrounded by a thick wall with a moat flanked by towers. In combat, fortified camps served as combat positions for the army and places for storing food and ammunition. The art of setting up camps reached a high point of development in ancient Rome. Later other peoples began applying the Roman art of setting up camps.

In Russia rules of setting up and fortifying army camps were expounded for the first time between 1607 and 1621 in the Regulations on Army, Gunnery, and Other Affairs. Training camps appeared in Russia in the 17th century. Peter I was the first to decree that troops should spend some time in training camps. In the 17th and 18th centuries, when linear tactics predominated, troops were deployed in a camp in a linear combat order. Until the middle of the 19th century the choosing of a site and the setting up of camps was a separate branch of the art of warfare, called castrametation. In the second half of the 19th century the development of artillery and other means of destruction made it necessary to disperse the troops in combat, and camps lost their importance as fortified stations of troops.

The Soviet armed forces and armies of other states have training camps and training centers, which have a role to play in the combat training of troops under field conditions. For the training of troops camps are equipped with training fields, target ranges, firing grounds, and other facilities. When troops are stationed in camps and training centers, the special features of the routine garrison duty are determined by the corresponding regulations.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Jo Ritzema with Phil and Sue Humphreys at Herding Hill Campsite
class="MsoNormalBut if they don't, there are still plenty of other options including the Prince Charles Campsite, if you're not put off by the idea of camping with inquisitive hyenas.
She said the trust made its income through campsites as well as their Mogotlho Lodge rentals.
CONTACT: See thecabinatloch LOCH ACHRAY CAMPSITE (Due to open later this summer.) Off the Duke's Pass via the exit of the Three Lochs Forest Drive.
The facility is an important one for the area and August is the busiest month for the campsite, with around 2,000 to 3,000 overseas and local campers visiting during this period.
PORTHCLAIS FARM CAMPSITE This Pembrokeshire site is set on a stunning coastal site.
Four delightful days followed, with lots of chilling on the river and in our campsite, sundowner cruises and hilarious times around the campfire at night.
Vouchers may not be used in conjunction with any other offer, organisation or site membership discount (unless specified by specific campsite at time of booking).
Now, in a move to make tourism popular nationally and globally, the Jammu and Kashmir government has commissioned what is believed to be the first-of-its-kind eco-tourism campsite. It is located in a Protected Area Network along the historic Mughal Road in south Kashmir.
No specific activities or campsite assignments were associated with illness when confirmed and suspected cases were combined; however, when suspected cases were excluded, digging fire pits was associated with increased risk for illness among persons with confirmed illness (risk ratio [RR] = 2.7; Fisher's exact test p-value = 0.01).
Around 2,000 campers, including an estimated 300 British tourists - on a campsite at Carry-le-Rouet were moved out of their tents on Saturday night as the fire approached.
Low-cost Irish airline Ryanair has announced that it has entered a partnership with Alan Rogers Travel, a UK publisher of campsite guide books.