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consciously artificial, exaggerated, vulgar, or mannered; self-parodying, esp when in dubious taste
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a place for the stationing of troops outside inhabited communities (usually in a sparse forest or grove), which is specially equipped depending on the mission to be performed.

Camps have been known since ancient times. A distinction was made between campaign and permanent camps. The latter were protected by a moat and a wall and were reinforced with palisades or stones and several rows of carts; some camps were surrounded by a thick wall with a moat flanked by towers. In combat, fortified camps served as combat positions for the army and places for storing food and ammunition. The art of setting up camps reached a high point of development in ancient Rome. Later other peoples began applying the Roman art of setting up camps.

In Russia rules of setting up and fortifying army camps were expounded for the first time between 1607 and 1621 in the Regulations on Army, Gunnery, and Other Affairs. Training camps appeared in Russia in the 17th century. Peter I was the first to decree that troops should spend some time in training camps. In the 17th and 18th centuries, when linear tactics predominated, troops were deployed in a camp in a linear combat order. Until the middle of the 19th century the choosing of a site and the setting up of camps was a separate branch of the art of warfare, called castrametation. In the second half of the 19th century the development of artillery and other means of destruction made it necessary to disperse the troops in combat, and camps lost their importance as fortified stations of troops.

The Soviet armed forces and armies of other states have training camps and training centers, which have a role to play in the combat training of troops under field conditions. For the training of troops camps are equipped with training fields, target ranges, firing grounds, and other facilities. When troops are stationed in camps and training centers, the special features of the routine garrison duty are determined by the corresponding regulations.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
In January 1958, as he drove to his Glen Cove home, Campy's car skidded on an icy curve, crashed into a telephone pole, and capsized.
Tinkcom concludes that in the face of capitalism's alienated drudgery, the campy, cinematic products of queer labour "give back to us the pleasures of work that the world of capital so insistently forecloses from us in large and small ways each day." (194) When's the last time you read something like that in a work of queer theory?
The number of cases of people affected by Campy - short for Campylobacter - has rocketed to 500,00 a year, with 50,000 victims suffering severe symptoms.
Campy, of no fixed address, yesterday admitted going equipped for theft from February 7, but denied having an offensive weapon.
campy is a simple two-test procedure that determines both Gram status and the presence or absence of L-alanyl aminopeptidase (LALA) activity within just 2 minutes.
These performers know that a funny wig, an outr, costume, an unnatural extension, and a campy sneer projected at the balcony just won't cut it any longer.
In a thin, campy volume peppered with dashing visuals, the Guerrilla Girls critique images and ideals of womanhood that have made their way into popular culture--"Mom" included.
It manages, however, to be witty and almost campy at the same time.
The campy Southern gothic comedy, written and helmed by Del Shores, was one of the first shot with Sony high-def digital video cameras.
Las Vegas has long been known as the place where once-cool performers go to die slow, campy deaths (think Sinatra) and where never-hip singers build inexplicably large, devoted followings (think Wayne Newton).
Dante's Cove (Here, premieres in September) The sexy gay gothic soap returns for another season of supernatural antics, liberal nudity, and campy evil villains.
Sarah Campy, 23, was released from prison in February into the home of her mum, Angela Kitching, in South Bank, Teesside Crown Court heard.