candelabrum


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candelabrum

(kăn'dəlä`brəm), primarily a support for candles, designed in the form of a turned baluster or a tapered column, also a branched candlestick or a lampstand. Though most used and developed during the Renaissance, the candelabrum originated in Etruria and Rome. Candelabra found in Etruscan and Pompeiian ruins are usually of bronze. From ancient Rome come the tall and monumental candelabra used in temples and public buildings. Of bronze or marble, they had triangular pedestals from which rose columnar shafts, finely sculptured and terminating at the top in a bowl used for holding illuminating oil and incense. With these as inspiration, Italian Renaissance artists produced superb candelabra in rich materials for altars, chapels, and processions. In that period the distinctive form of the candelabrum came also to be a ubiquitous decorative motive, used freely in architectural ornament, tapestry borders, stained-glass windows, and furniture. It was even converted (especially in Lombardy) into a definite architectural element, taking the place of a column or colonnette, as in windows of the Certosa at Pavia.

Bibliography

See F. W. Robins, The Story of the Lamp (and the Candle) (1939).

candelabrum

1. A movable candle lampstand with central shaft and, often, branches or a decorative representation thereof.
2. A lighting device designed as an architectural fixture, composed as in definition 1, above. Also see lamp post.
References in periodicals archive ?
All drilling gastropods--Pteropurpura (Ocinebrellus) inornatus (Recluz 1851), Boreotrophon candelabrum.
Hole sizes were compared among 3 groups--Pteropurpura (Ocinebrellus) inornatus, Boreotrophon candelabrum, and unidentified drilling animals in the field--using the 1-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) after checking the normality and homogeneity of the data distributions.
It was them I turned to after seeing another candelabrum coming up for auction this week.
20) On his return to Rome he appears to have sent a letter to a friend on 12 May 1778 enclosing a rapid sketch of ideas for his tomb which tantalisingly throws no light on the role of the candelabrum (Fig.
To create the look of lavish table linens, go to a yardage store to make your own taffeta tablecloth, and then buy decorative ribbon or strips of black-and-gold lace to crisscross over the table, and for a silver candelabrum I'd suggest Bombay Co.
Nearby, his beloved, blond and statuesque, sweeps the gloom with a lighted candelabrum, while at opposite corners of the small, rectangular pool another man and woman recount an ancient yet compellingly timeless tale in softly amplified voices.
But Liberace, with his floor-length furs, his sequined suits, and his electric candelabrum, is expected to be his biggest challenge yet.
During the two-hour ceremony at the museum, activists and community leaders lighted a candelabrum called a kinara and explained the meaning of each principle.
Increasing flashbacks to the mid-1800s put the whole situation into perspective, with the help of a heavily symbolic candelabrum.
As told in the Talmud, there was enough oil to light the menorah, the candelabrum, for only one day, and yet it burned for eight, until fresh oil could be found.
A polished tin wall candelabrum in a bird-and-vine motif holds colored cups with votive candles.
Bathing by candlelight: Most of us use a little candle on the bathroom counter for romantic soaks, but that bathtub ritual seems soooo uncivilized after taking a gander at the classy chrome-plated tub valet with a built-in candelabrum in the latest Chambers home decorating catalog.