candelabrum


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candelabrum

(kăn'dəlä`brəm), primarily a support for candles, designed in the form of a turned baluster or a tapered column, also a branched candlestick or a lampstand. Though most used and developed during the Renaissance, the candelabrum originated in Etruria and Rome. Candelabra found in Etruscan and Pompeiian ruins are usually of bronze. From ancient Rome come the tall and monumental candelabra used in temples and public buildings. Of bronze or marble, they had triangular pedestals from which rose columnar shafts, finely sculptured and terminating at the top in a bowl used for holding illuminating oil and incense. With these as inspiration, Italian Renaissance artists produced superb candelabra in rich materials for altars, chapels, and processions. In that period the distinctive form of the candelabrum came also to be a ubiquitous decorative motive, used freely in architectural ornament, tapestry borders, stained-glass windows, and furniture. It was even converted (especially in Lombardy) into a definite architectural element, taking the place of a column or colonnette, as in windows of the Certosa at Pavia.

Bibliography

See F. W. Robins, The Story of the Lamp (and the Candle) (1939).

candelabrum

1. A movable candle lampstand with central shaft and, often, branches or a decorative representation thereof.
2. A lighting device designed as an architectural fixture, composed as in definition 1, above. Also see lamp post.
References in periodicals archive ?
O isolado do fungo Cylindrocladium candelabrum foi obtido a partir da coleta de folhas de clone de eucalipto (Eucalyptus urophylla x E.
Para a avaliacao in vitro do crescimento micelial do isolado de Cylindrocladium candelabrum sob acao dos extratos brutos de Cinnamomum zeylanicum (EBH, EBAcoEt ou EBM) adaptou-se a metodologia de Jesus et al.
Apos a solidificacao do meio, um disco de 0,5 cm de diametro contendo micelio de Cylindrocladium candelabrum, com 10 dias de incubacao, foi transferido para o centro das placas contendo os tratamentos.
We therefore conclude that 2 muricids Pteropurpura (Ocinebrellus) inornatus and Boreotrophon candelabrum, are the main predatory gastropods of the Japanese scallop at our study site.
Moreover, more than 20 species of the genus Boreotrophon, including Boreotrophon candelabrum, inhabit from the intertidal zone to more than 50 m of cold waters around the coast of northern Japan and the Russian Far East (Okutani 2000).
A silver teapot (main picture) designed by Devlin and made in 1963; a 16-light candelabrum from 1980 and worth pounds 4,000-pounds 5,000 (left); The Grosvenor 34-light candelabrum centerpiece sold by Christie's in June for pounds 45,600 (top right);
Then I saw a massive candelabrum centrepiece pictured here.
The candelabrum holds oil or candles, and (http://www.jewfaq.org/holiday7.htm) Jews light one branch of the menorah on each of the eight nights of Hanukkah.
As he explains, this candelabrum (or 'lamp' as he calls it) was to be placed on a magnificent circular pedestal in front of his tomb in the Certosa.
(20) On his return to Rome he appears to have sent a letter to a friend on 12 May 1778 enclosing a rapid sketch of ideas for his tomb which tantalisingly throws no light on the role of the candelabrum (Fig.
In order to keep the essence of the Hanukkah miracle alive, the eight-branched candelabrum is fitted with candles or tiny oil cups with floating wicks and the one candle after the next is lit each night for eight consecutive nights to symbolize "lo moridim ba-kodesh" (one does not decrease in holiness).
The purpose of the framework agreement is: - the supply of electrical connection boxes at the foot of the candelabrum and for use both for led luminaires and discharge lamp luminaires, - the supply of switchgear electrical connection boxes for traditional sources installed in the luminaires to enable the repair of the public lighting park of the city of lyon, - the supply of spare parts adaptable to the electrical connection boxes to allow the repair of the public lighting park of the city of lyon.