Candidate

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Candidate

 

(1) An individual contending or being considered for a governmental or public post (such as a presidential candidate or legislative candidate) or any position.

(2) In prerevolutionary Russia, individuals who completed with distinction studies in a university or in any equivalent higher education establishment (lyceum, academy), and presented written work on their chosen theme. The degree of kandidat was introduced in 1804; although it was abolished by the 1884 statutes, it was retained up until 1917 in Warsaw and Iur’ev (Tartu) universities, Demidov Lyceum (Iaroslavl’), and ecclesiastical academies, which were not affected by the statutes. The degree was used in combination with the name of the education establishment or branch of learning (for instance, kandidat Moskovskogo Universiteta or kandidat slovesnosti [candidate inphilology]); on entering governmental service the holder of thedegree was entitled to a rank of the tenth class (kollezhskii sekretar’ collegiate secretary). Another title was kandidat kommertsii (candidate in commerce), which was awarded to individuals who completed with distinction studies at the St. Petersburg or Kharkov commercial schools.

References in periodicals archive ?
Parties that failed to submit their candidacies yesterday will be able to submit their candidacies from 10 a.
Sonora is the other state that has approved independent candidacies.
Three candidacies stand out as illustrations of the cultural political process: those of Howard Dean, John Edwards, and John Kerry.
To select those candidates best able to meet the utility's objectives and to ensure a fair assessment of the candidacies, the evaluation was carried out by a multidisciplinary Hydro-Quebec team.
BEIRUT: MPs from Speaker Nabih Berri's bloc began preparations Friday to submit their candidacies for planned parliamentary elections based on the current election law, putting the wheels in motion for nationwide polls that few believe will happen on time.
The five candidacies are: Ioannis Kasoulides, Christos Stylianides, Eleni Theocharous, Timis Efthymiou and Christoforos Fokaides.
Abe and Aso are expected to announce their candidacies in late August.
The pursuit of it has been so muddled, with candidacies popping up and evaporating almost weekly, it isn't even clear who will be invited to New York for the presentation.
Monday's deadline for filing senatorial candidacies effectively kicks off the campaign for the May 14 elections, which political observers say will also be a referendum on Arroyo's administration.
The Hollis candidacy is backed by the most sophisticated Socialist campaign ever--complete with a World Wide Web page, a campaign staff that includes veterans of Jesse Jackson's 1988 campaign and various Green Party candidacies, and an aggressive plan for landing the party candidates on the ballot in all fifty states and the District of Columbia.
on the first day of the filing of candidacies for the legislative elections, the registration of 9 independent lists, 7 from parties and 27 from coalitions.
Summary: Disputes over a proposal to suspend candidacies for June polls threatened to postpone a Parliament session scheduled for Tuesday, with the Future Movement warning it would boycott the session if the plan was put to vote.