candle

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candle,

cylinder of wax or tallow containing a wick, used for illumination or for ceremonial purposes. The evidence of ancient writings is not conclusive as to the history of the candle; words translated "candle" may have meant "torch" or "lamp," and the "candlestick" was probably a stand for one of these lights. The candle probably evolved from wood, rushes, or cords dipped in fat or pitch. Candles as well as lamps were used in Roman times; by the Middle Ages candles (tallow for the poor and wax for the wealthier) were quite common in Europe. Tallow, beeswax, and vegetable wax such as bayberry in the American colonies, candleberry in the East, and waxberry in South America were supplemented by spermaceti in the late 18th cent., by stearine c.1825, and by paraffin c.1850. Twisted strands for wicks were replaced (c.1825) by the plaited wick. Candles were commonly made by repeated dipping in melted tallow, by pouring tallow or wax into molds, or by pouring beeswax over the wicks. Most modern candles are machine-made by a molding process, although candle making as an art survives in industrialized countries. In literature, art, and religion the candle has had a wide range of symbolism; it commonly represents joy, reverence for the divine, and sacrifice (since the candle spends itself).

candle,

in weights and measures, unit of luminous intensity; it is defined as 1-60 of the intensity of a blackbodyblackbody,
in physics, an ideal black substance that absorbs all and reflects none of the radiant energy falling on it. Lampblack, or powdered carbon, which reflects less than 2% of the radiation falling on it, crudely approximates an ideal blackbody; a material consisting of a
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, or ideal radiator, at the temperature at which platinum solidifies (2,046°K;). The candle is one of the fundamental units of the International System of UnitsInternational System of Units,
officially called the Système International d'Unités, or SI, system of units adopted by the 11th General Conference on Weights and Measures (1960). It is based on the metric system.
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; its official name is the candela. See photometryphotometry
, branch of physics dealing with the measurement of the intensity of a source of light, such as an electric lamp, and with the intensity of light such a source may cast on a surface area.
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.

candle

[′kan·dəl]
(optics)

candle

i. A unit of illumination for intensity equal approximately to the luminous intensity of a 7/8-in sperm candle burning at 120 grains.
ii. The failure of a parachute to deploy because the rigging lines are fouled. Also called a cigarette or a streamer.

Candle

Part of the Scorpion environment development system.

Candle

(Candle Corporation, El Segundo, CA) A leading software company specializing in performance monitoring and systems availability tools for the mainframe environment that was acquired by IBM in 2004. It was founded in 1976 by Aubrey Chernick, who developed OMEGAMON, the first real-time performance monitor for MVS. Candle provided a wide variety of products for managing systems and applications, and in 1996, expanded into middleware.

Candles

(dreams)
They symbolize light, and where there is light, there is hope. A lit candle suggests that you are unconsciously seeking comfort and some sort of spiritual enlightenment. An unlit candle suggests that you may be feeling rejection and disappointment or can’t see anything positive or “light” in a situation or in yourself. If in your dream you watch the candle burn down to nothing, it suggests that you may have fears of getting older and dying. For men it may connote a fear about waning sexual abilities.
References in periodicals archive ?
Both the Sapphire and Diamond Twilight packages are for ceremonies starting no earlier than 5pm and offer couples, and up to 60 guests, a range of stylish decorations with a romantic candle-light theme.
KARACHI -- Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) on Saturday held a candle-light vigil in memory of CID Police Chief Chaudhry Aslam and Aitezaz Hassan of Hangu.
Germans in many cities and towns across the country held candle-light vigils.
We had a coal fire in the living room and had to live by candle-light until we paid the electricity bill.
From a local candle-light ceremony to a royal visit, Terry was there to organize things and ensure that no details were overlooked.
p PARTIES, shopping, mulled wine and mince pies, carols by candle-light, family reunions and even more parties.
A light in the darkness: A girl hands out yellow ribbons against the Article 23 law at the July 9th protest that drew thousands of demonstrators to a candle-light vigil outside Hong Kong's legislative chambers.