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Related to canid: Canidae, maned wolf, Canine family


(vertebrate zoology)
A family of carnivorous mammals in the superfamily Canoidea, including dogs and their allies.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a family of mammals of the order Carnivora. Canids range in length from 50 cm (small foxes) to 160 cm (wolf). The head is elongated, the muzzle is pointed, and the ears are erect. The tail is long and bushy. The forepaws have 5 toes, and the hind paws, four. The nails are blunt and nonretractile. The thick fur is usually fluffy and varies in coloration.

Canids comprise 14 (or 12) genera, embracing 29 species. They are widespread on all the continents except Antarctica. The USSR is the habitat of 5 genera, with the following eight species: the raccoon dog, wolf, jackal, arctic fox, Old World red fox, corsac fox, gray hoary fox, and Asiatic wild dog. Canids inhabit various types of terrain, living in burrows or dens. They feed primarily on animal substances, including carrion, but regularly eat plants as well. A single litter is produced per year, usually containing three or four blind offspring. (Occasionally a litter contains as many as 13 to 16 young.)

Most canids are hunted for their valuable fur (arctic fox. Old World red fox). A number of foxes, including the arctic fox, are raised in captivity (seeFUR FARMING). The greatest benefit of the mammals is that they destroy rodents that are agricultural pests. All domestic dog breeds belong to the family Canidae. Canids, especially the wolf, often kill useful mammals and birds, including domestic animals.


Novikov, G. A. Khishchnye mlekopitaiushchie fauny SSSR. Moscow-Leningrad, 1956.
Mlekopitaiushchie Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 2, part 1. Edited by V. G. Geptner and N. P. Naumov. Moscow, 1967.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Compared with the sedimentation and counting technique, which is typically considered the reference standard for the diagnosis of infection in wild canids (26), the MC-PCR method is less labor intensive and is well suited for processing large numbers of samples (25).
The repertoire of bitter taste receptor genes in canids. Amino Acids, 49: 1159-1167.
Although social monogamy as a mating system is rare in most mammals, it is common in canids (Geffen et al.
But to fully understand canid history, and therefore what is happening today, we need to look back even further in time, to the fossil record.
Detections of our pooled category, Other carnivorans, did not differ between track plates and sand stations ([[chi square].sub.1] = 2.28, p = 0.131), however, sample size was small and weasels appeared to respond differently to substrate than the canids and felids.
However, the ratel or honey badger Mellivora capensis was only first formally recorded in the UAE in 2005, near Ruwais, and there remains the possibility that this large, but shy, canid may be present in the far west of the UAE.
(2008)[6] found that the main wild canid involved in rabies in Northeast Brazil is the crab-eating fox (Cerdocyon thous).
Primary sources of mortality were canid predation, vehicle collisions (fawns), and hunter-harvest (fawns, adults).
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