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(mechanical engineering)
A special short-range, antipersonnel projectile designed to be fired from rifled guns.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(in Russian, kartech’; from Polish kartecza, from Italian cartoccio, literally “bundle” or “cartridge”), a type of artillery shell used by the artillery to strike at enemy personnel at close distance. (The Russian word kartech ’ also refers to large buckshot, 5 mm or more in diameter.)

In the 14th through 16th centuries canisters had different sizes and shapes and consisted of pieces of stone or iron, which were loaded into the bore above an explosive charge and fastened with a plug. Later, canisters were placed in a bag to protect the bore. In the 17th through 19th centuries canisters were shells with spherical cast-iron or lead bullets placed in a metal container or cardboard packing. Canister bullets were lethal at a distance of up to 300 m and spread up to 50 m along the front. In the early 19th century canisters gradually lost their value after the invention of shrapnel; they are no longer used in modern artillery.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Crowds were protesting on Thursday over a recent mining disaster in Soma in which 301 miners died and over the death of 15-year-old Berkin Elvan, who died in March following a long coma after being hit by a tear gas canister shot by the police during last year's Gezi protests.
He finished his speech by referring to Berkin Elvan, a boy who died after 269 days in a coma due to a head injury sustained when he was hit by a tear gas canister shot by police in June of last year during anti-government protests.
ySTANBUL (CyHAN)- The Diyarbakyr Chief Public Prosecutor's Office has launched an investigation after a 10-year-old child was hit on the head by a tear gas canister shot by riot police in Silvan, a town in the southeastern province of Diyarbakyr, during a protest on Tuesday.
The death of 15-year-old Berkin Elvan, who lost his nine-month struggle for his life last week after he had been hit in the head by a tear gas canister shot by a police officer in ystanbul, is nowadays "decorating" the prime minister's discourse of provocation at party rallies.
He was hit in the head with a police tear gas canister shot from close range and ended up in a coma.