canna

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canna

[Lat.,=cane], any plant of the genus Canna, tropical and subtropical perennials, grown in temperate regions in parks and gardens for the large foliage and spikelike, usually red or yellow blossoms. Today, most cultivated cannas are hybrids, but two species are found wild in the S United States, one called Indian shot because of the hard shotlike seeds. C. edulis, Queensland arrowroot, is cultivated in the tropics for its rootstock, a commercial arrowrootarrowroot,
any plant of the genus Maranta, usually large perennial herbs, of the family Marantaceae, found chiefly in warm, swampy forest habitats of the Americas and sometimes cultivated for their ornamental leaves.
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 starch. Canna is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Zingiberales, family Cannaceae.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Canna

 

the only genus of the family Cannaceae. The plants are large perennial herbs with strong stalks; they often have tuberous thickened rhizomes. The leaves are large, broad, pinnately veined, and sheathed. The flowers are irregular, monoecious, large, and usually brightly colored; they are gathered into a paniculate terminal racemose or inflorescence. The perianth is binate. Only half of the anther of one stamen is fertile; the remaining half and the other stamens are petaloid and are stami-nodia. The stigma has a petal-like style. The ovary is inferior and trilocular. The fruit is a capsule. There are approximately 50 species, found in tropical and subtropical America. There are approximately 1,000 garden varieties (for example, Canna × genera lis and C. × hortensis), which are used in cultivation. They differ in color, leaf color, size, height of stalk, and form of the staminodia. The species Indian shot (C. indica) is cultivated in Europe as a greenhouse ornamental; C. edulis is grown in the Americas and Australia for its rhizomes, which contain starch from which the queensland arrowroot is obtained.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Plant canna lilies grown in pots in the greenhouse outside, providing taller plants within summer bedding displays.
Canna lilies grown in pots in the greenhouse can be planted outside, providing taller growing features within summer bedding displays.
The obvious jobs include bringing any tender summer plants such an canna lilies, dahlias, gladioli, tuberous begonias and liliums into a cool glasshouse, frost free garage, frost free porch, cool spare bedroom or similar to dry out.
The plants they opt for, such as bananas and canna lilies, usually have bold foliage and bright flowers.
Although sometimes sold as canna lilies, they are in a plant family of their own, are grown from rhizomes, unlike lilies ( and don't really look like lilies.
Plant out canna lilies grown in pots in the greenhouse.
TIME-SAVING TIP Carefully label all the summer bulbs and tubers that you have lifted, including those of dahlias and canna lilies, so you know what's what when you come to replant them next year.
POT up arum lilies (zantedeschia) and canna lilies in large terracotta tubs for an exotic touch to your summer patio.
Sue's efforts to plant flowers in front of the Bishop's House meant ever-lengthening daily sessions of watering - but we have been rewarded with canna lilies, coleus, heliconias and even orchids adding colour, and have new pawpaw, avocado and lemon trees coming up while we await the rainy season which normally arrives around Christmas.
Q HOW do I grow canna lilies? - Mel Trotter, Aldershot, Hants
CREATE a fiesta feel with canna lilies' yellow leaves and orange flowers, which contrast with palmate leaves and flowers in purple, red and bronze.