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canoeing, sport of propelling a canoe through water. John MacGregor, an English barrister and founder of the Royal Canoe Club (est. 1865), is generally credited with being the initiator of modern sport canoeing. Between 1849 and 1869, MacGregor wrote a number of popular books describing his experiences on long canoe trips throughout Europe. Sport canoeing today may either involve recreational journeys or fixed-distance racing. Racing canoes are propelled by either sails or paddles. The International Challenge Cup, one of the oldest existing canoeing trophies, was originally offered by the New York Canoe Club (1885) as a perpetual challenge sailing prize. Canoe racing with paddles first became an official Olympic event at the Berlin games in 1936. The two types of Olympic canoe races are those among kayaks and Canadian canoes. The kayak, a buoyant arctic canoe that is completely covered except for its cockpit(s), is raced by both men and women. The Canadian, the typical North American canoe, is raced only by men. Canoes are also used as combination outdoors recreation-transportation vehicles. This type of canoeing is especially popular in the N United States. Whitewater canoeing, in which the vessel is navigated through rapids, is quite popular in many areas of the United States.


See studies by J. Malo (1969 and 1971) and R. D. Mead (1976).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Tom Foster, head of projects at Leach, said: "Leach is delighted to form a strategic partnership with British Canoeing and become the official venue dressing sponsor.
Representatives from the American Canoe Association will be present to teach solo canoeing, canoes rescue techniques, and workshops: "How to Be a Well-Dressed Paddler" and/or "Assessing Risk: Live to Paddle Another Day."
He called for ICF support for Iranian Canoeing Federation and said that Iran has the capacity to host the International Canoe and Kayak Competitions.
In fact, the modern environmental movement cannot be fully understood without recognizing the role that canoeing and other human-powered activities like bicycling, running, hiking, and skiing had in getting people outside in the 1950s and 60s.
In a joint statement, British Canoeing and UK Sport said: "In April 2017 several allegations were brought to the attention of British Canoeing, including a number of concerns about past failings of the organisation to deal appropriately with matters that had been raised previously.
Every mile you log will go towards British Canoeing's target of 30,000 miles!
"I often go canoeing down the river Yare in the city centre, paddling out towards Thorpe and on to Bramerton.
With the 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games in Rio just over a year away, Go Canoeing - the Olympic legacy initiative from British Canoeing - is challenging the nation to paddle the distance from the UK to Rio for National Go Canoeing Week 2015.
For both, this process begins with the growth of recreational canoeing in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Finally on arrival of Pakistan National canoeing team at Quetta airport the President of Pakistan Canoe and Kayak Federations Malik Abdul Rahim Babai, and Vice Chairman, Haji Abdul Wali Khan Khilji, Abdul Ghaffar Khanozai National Coach Aslam Kassi and Many Officials and Members greeted the National Team with a huge celebration and congratulated them on their spectacular performance in the Asian Canoeing Championships in Samarqand.
Mike Tindall: "Get in Gold and silver in the canoeing #come-OnTeamGB" Piers Morgan: "You know the Olympics is getting exciting when you enjoy a Brit win a shooting Gold on the radio." Ant and Dec: "GOLD and SILVER!
43 Age of oldest Olympic canoeing medalist, Josefa Idem, who won silver in the K1 500-meter flatwater canoe race at the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing