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(kăn'ənĭzā`shən), in the Roman Catholic Church, process by which a person is classified as a saintsaint
[O.Fr., from Latin sanctus=holy], in Christianity, a person who is recognized as worthy of veneration. Nature of Sainthood

In the Hebrew Scriptures God is "the Holy One" or "one who is holy" (Isa. 1.4; 5.19; 41.14). "His people share His holiness" (Ex.
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. It is now performed at Rome alone, although in the Middle Ages and earlier bishops elsewhere used to canonize. Beatification, by which a person is called blessed and his or her cult is approved, requires proof of a miracle through the candidate's intercession (unless the candidate for sainthood was martyred) and proof that the candidate's life was exemplary, and must precede canonization. A candidate for sainthood may be declared venerable before beatification if the person led an exemplary life. Canonization requires proof of at least one additional miracle (occurring after beatification) attributable to the saint.

Until 1983 the process of canonization was like a trial at which the saint was said to be defended by the church; a prosecutor was appointed to attack all evidence alleged in favor of canonization. The prosecutor was popularly called advocatus diaboli [devil's advocate], his opponent the advocatus Dei [God's advocate]. The process has now been streamlined, and the position of devil's advocate eliminated.

The first solemn canonization seems to have been that of St. Ulrich late in the 10th cent. The method of formal canonization was set by the enactments of Urban VIII that came into force in 1634. In the Orthodox Eastern Church, a synod of bishops within a self-governing church has the authority to canonize.



in the Catholic and Orthodox churches the inclusion of some person in the list of saints. In Catholicism it is an act that has been strictly defined with respect to law and public worship. The church-wide method of canonization was introduced by Pope Alexander III during the second half of the 12th century and was fixed in 1200 by Innocent III; the right to canonize became the exclusive prerogative of the Roman popes. In implementing canonization the church always pursues political aims.

Orthodoxy does not have as strict a system of canonization as Catholicism. In Russia church-wide canonization was introduced in the 16th century and was placed under the tsar’s control; from the time of Peter I it was implemented by imperial decree upon the recommendation of the synod.

References in periodicals archive ?
The importance of the canonization of Blessed Kateri is not only because she devoted her life to Jesus, but because she represents people of all ethnic groups.
The persona knows about the two doors, but impelled by purposes of the persona behind the persona - the poet in quest of a poem and, consequently, of his equalization and literary canonization - he goes in through the opposite door anyway, purposefully and perhaps ritualistically subjecting himself to the rejection on racial grounds he knows he is sure to get.
Twal was to travel to the Vatican for the canonization ceremony and had invited Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas to attend.
These two saints have each left very important legacies for the Church, and important examples of holiness for all of us," said Knights of Columbus Supreme Knight Carl Anderson, who worked with Pope John Paul II on several initiatives and will be in Rome for the canonizations.
CATHOLIC, initiated a grassroots effort for Day's canonization that has included the publication of prayer cams and posters (still available from our office) as well as collecting letters and testimonies in favor of Day's canonization.
We have a prayer for her canonization that the bishop wrote,'' said Judy Konieczny, a spokeswoman for the Blessed Kateri Catholic Church in Valencia.
Many of the key participants in the canonization, as well as many Philadelphia civic leaders, are scheduled to attend the reception, including:
But though we are getting closer to our saints, canonization is still weighed much too heavily toward religious celebrities.
Events to mark the canonization will begin on Saturday, April 26, at 7:30 p.
But as one of the few churches and religions that still regularly confers sainthood, the Catholic church, acting through its Congregation for the Causes of Saints, generally chooses caution over emotion, waiting years, even decades or centuries, before moving ahead with canonization or with beatification, the first stage of a candidate's road to sainthood.
Special programming airs on the Catholic Channel April 21 through Canonization Mass in Rome on April 27
This will be the last time he wifi be venerated as Blessed Pope John Paul II; after the canonization ceremony April 27, he will be known as St.