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(kăn'ənĭzā`shən), in the Roman Catholic Church, process by which a person is classified as a saintsaint
[O.Fr., from Latin sanctus=holy], in Christianity, a person who is recognized as worthy of veneration. Nature of Sainthood

In the Hebrew Scriptures God is "the Holy One" or "one who is holy" (Isa. 1.4; 5.19; 41.14). "His people share His holiness" (Ex.
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. It is now performed at Rome alone, although in the Middle Ages and earlier bishops elsewhere used to canonize. Beatification, by which a person is called blessed and his or her cult is approved, requires proof of a miracle through the candidate's intercession (unless the candidate for sainthood was martyred) and proof that the candidate's life was exemplary, and must precede canonization. A candidate for sainthood may be declared venerable before beatification if the person led an exemplary life. Canonization requires proof of at least one additional miracle (occurring after beatification) attributable to the saint.

Until 1983 the process of canonization was like a trial at which the saint was said to be defended by the church; a prosecutor was appointed to attack all evidence alleged in favor of canonization. The prosecutor was popularly called advocatus diaboli [devil's advocate], his opponent the advocatus Dei [God's advocate]. The process has now been streamlined, and the position of devil's advocate eliminated.

The first solemn canonization seems to have been that of St. Ulrich late in the 10th cent. The method of formal canonization was set by the enactments of Urban VIII that came into force in 1634. In the Orthodox Eastern Church, a synod of bishops within a self-governing church has the authority to canonize.



in the Catholic and Orthodox churches the inclusion of some person in the list of saints. In Catholicism it is an act that has been strictly defined with respect to law and public worship. The church-wide method of canonization was introduced by Pope Alexander III during the second half of the 12th century and was fixed in 1200 by Innocent III; the right to canonize became the exclusive prerogative of the Roman popes. In implementing canonization the church always pursues political aims.

Orthodoxy does not have as strict a system of canonization as Catholicism. In Russia church-wide canonization was introduced in the 16th century and was placed under the tsar’s control; from the time of Peter I it was implemented by imperial decree upon the recommendation of the synod.

References in periodicals archive ?
With respect to Lootens's proposition that canonization effectively veils the woman poet's output, it would none the less have been interesting to have had more reception history of particular works, with a sense perhaps of how Lootens herself, however provisionally, might like to read them.
The second miracle necessary for his canonization that was a approved was the healing of a Costa Rican woman who suffered from a brain aneurysm.
Peter's Square at the Vatican during a canonization ceremony held Oct.
She affirms, for example, that whereas the written records kept by clergy, who controlled the canonization process, might lead us to expect that women would express their grief over losing a child more tearfully than men, examples can nevertheless be found to show that such was not necessarily the case (87).
Attending the canonization Mass was a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity.
Saint Mary MacKillop" is the latest in a wave of activities leading up to the nun's canonization.
If canonization still lingers as an issue, maybe even a possibility, we should remember that according to the necessary protocol, beatification always comes first.
His desire to shake up readers begins with this book's title, since it is initially unclear what "Scribes and Schools" have to do with "The Canonization of the Hebrew Scripture.
Pope John Paul II added the first Chinese to the roll of saints during a Vatican canonization ceremony last weekend, declaring 120 Chinese Catholics and foreign missionaries to be martyrs who died in the anti-Western, anti-Christian Boxer Rebellion of 110 years ago.
The play's epilogue concerns the overturning of the church's verdict of heresy in 1456 and her canonization.
Prozess gegen die juden von Trient," redacted in the late 1470s by an anonymous scribe for an unspecified patron (probably either Count Eberhard of Wiirttemberg or his brother-in4aw Francesco Cardinal Gonzaga, Bishop of Mantua), is a compilation of documents edited and translated for the purpose of promoting the speedy canonization of Simon Unferdorben, a two-year-old allegedly done to death in ritualistic fashion by the Jews of Trent during Holy Week of 1475.
In terms of literature and other human, specifically artistic and intellectual pursuits, that is why niggers and negroes slurp after critics and canonization (cf.