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(kăn'ənĭzā`shən), in the Roman Catholic Church, process by which a person is classified as a saintsaint
[O.Fr., from Latin sanctus=holy], in Christianity, a person who is recognized as worthy of veneration. Nature of Sainthood

In the Hebrew Scriptures God is "the Holy One" or "one who is holy" (Isa. 1.4; 5.19; 41.14). "His people share His holiness" (Ex.
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. It is now performed at Rome alone, although in the Middle Ages and earlier bishops elsewhere used to canonize. Beatification, by which a person is called blessed and his or her cult is approved, requires proof of a miracle through the candidate's intercession (unless the candidate for sainthood was martyred) and proof that the candidate's life was exemplary, and must precede canonization. A candidate for sainthood may be declared venerable before beatification if the person led an exemplary life. Canonization requires proof of at least one additional miracle (occurring after beatification) attributable to the saint.

Until 1983 the process of canonization was like a trial at which the saint was said to be defended by the church; a prosecutor was appointed to attack all evidence alleged in favor of canonization. The prosecutor was popularly called advocatus diaboli [devil's advocate], his opponent the advocatus Dei [God's advocate]. The process has now been streamlined, and the position of devil's advocate eliminated.

The first solemn canonization seems to have been that of St. Ulrich late in the 10th cent. The method of formal canonization was set by the enactments of Urban VIII that came into force in 1634. In the Orthodox Eastern Church, a synod of bishops within a self-governing church has the authority to canonize.



in the Catholic and Orthodox churches the inclusion of some person in the list of saints. In Catholicism it is an act that has been strictly defined with respect to law and public worship. The church-wide method of canonization was introduced by Pope Alexander III during the second half of the 12th century and was fixed in 1200 by Innocent III; the right to canonize became the exclusive prerogative of the Roman popes. In implementing canonization the church always pursues political aims.

Orthodoxy does not have as strict a system of canonization as Catholicism. In Russia church-wide canonization was introduced in the 16th century and was placed under the tsar’s control; from the time of Peter I it was implemented by imperial decree upon the recommendation of the synod.

References in periodicals archive ?
Meulenbeld not only asserts the identification of Canonization with vernacular ritual and the novel's explanatory and supplementary function as "paraliturgy," but argues that local performances of "ancient histories that are far removed in space from the places where they are constituted in various performances" "subscribe to the powers of a history that is greater than their community" (p.
I believe this canonization has assured many, especially the native and Metis people of Canada and the world, that they truly belong to God's family on earth, the universal Church founded by Christ Himself.
But what happens to discussions of miracles when one moves beyond the canonization process?
The last canonizations performed by the Bulgarian Orthodox Church were those of clergymen and national revival forefathers Paisiy Hilendarski in 1962 and Sofroniy Vrachanski in 1964.
There were nationwide celebrations in Australia for MacKillop (1842-1909) and her canonization was preceded by a series of events in Rome including an open-air Aboriginal dance show at the Vatican museum with didgeridoo music.
These three themes would shape the way Pope Boniface VIII praised Louis's sanctity in the bull of canonization as well as the way he and others would evoke Louis in sermons.
Ciappelli's valuable study of Corsini's biography, vita, civic cult, and passage to canonization consists of two parts: analytic chapters and primary-source editions.
Higgins is aware that writing about the canonization of saints in today's secular culture is a risk.
In a certain sense the literalization of the metaphor of construction in the exhibition design is a forced conflation, as it tends to eschew the conservative work of canonization through a more elusive--and potentially more attractive--rhetoric of openness, process, and productive indeterminacy.
At the end of the story, in 1456, many years after Jehanne's burning at the stake for heresy, Mariane and her family come to celebrate the exoneration of Jehanne (and the beginning of her path to eventual canonization in 1920).
Chief among those admirers was John Paul II, who presided over the speedy canonization of the movement's founder.
A straightforward and involving presentation of a most remarkable woman, who has just recently been formally entered into the Church's canonization process.