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(kăn'ənĭzā`shən), in the Roman Catholic Church, process by which a person is classified as a saintsaint
[O.Fr., from Latin sanctus=holy], in Christianity, a person who is recognized as worthy of veneration. Nature of Sainthood

In the Hebrew Scriptures God is "the Holy One" or "one who is holy" (Isa. 1.4; 5.19; 41.14). "His people share His holiness" (Ex.
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. It is now performed at Rome alone, although in the Middle Ages and earlier bishops elsewhere used to canonize. Beatification, by which a person is called blessed and his or her cult is approved, requires proof of a miracle through the candidate's intercession (unless the candidate for sainthood was martyred) and proof that the candidate's life was exemplary, and must precede canonization. A candidate for sainthood may be declared venerable before beatification if the person led an exemplary life. Canonization requires proof of at least one additional miracle (occurring after beatification) attributable to the saint.

Until 1983 the process of canonization was like a trial at which the saint was said to be defended by the church; a prosecutor was appointed to attack all evidence alleged in favor of canonization. The prosecutor was popularly called advocatus diaboli [devil's advocate], his opponent the advocatus Dei [God's advocate]. The process has now been streamlined, and the position of devil's advocate eliminated.

The first solemn canonization seems to have been that of St. Ulrich late in the 10th cent. The method of formal canonization was set by the enactments of Urban VIII that came into force in 1634. In the Orthodox Eastern Church, a synod of bishops within a self-governing church has the authority to canonize.



in the Catholic and Orthodox churches the inclusion of some person in the list of saints. In Catholicism it is an act that has been strictly defined with respect to law and public worship. The church-wide method of canonization was introduced by Pope Alexander III during the second half of the 12th century and was fixed in 1200 by Innocent III; the right to canonize became the exclusive prerogative of the Roman popes. In implementing canonization the church always pursues political aims.

Orthodoxy does not have as strict a system of canonization as Catholicism. In Russia church-wide canonization was introduced in the 16th century and was placed under the tsar’s control; from the time of Peter I it was implemented by imperial decree upon the recommendation of the synod.

References in periodicals archive ?
In John Paul's 26 years in office, he canonized 482 saints, almost 250 of whom were laypeople.
Tsai, Yve-Alain Bois and Rosalind Krauss, Ann Reynolds, and I are overstating the case when we position Smithson as mordantly opposed to canonized, formalist modernism.
This chapter concentrates on the English romances canonized by the studies of Northrop Frye: Robert Greene's Pandosto and Menaphon; Spenser's Faerie Queen (book 6); and Shakespeare's Winter's Tale, Cymbeline, and The Tempest.
Katharine Drexel when she is canonized by Pope John Paul II on Sunday, October 1, 2000, at St.
When it comes to Filipinos canonized by the Roman Catholic Church, we've only had two, their official Latin names being Sancto Laurentius Ruiz de Manila and Sancto Petrus Calungsod de Visayas, both martyrs.
If she is eventually canonized, Antonietta Meo would become the youngest nonmartyr saint to be recognized under modern saint-making procedures.
This book has a novel approach to saints' lives, an approach which teaches an important truth: God forgives the repentant person, indeed so much that they can not only gain heaven but can also gain the glory and pre-eminence of beatified or canonized saints.
The theologians, led by Italian Giulio Girardi, listed seven reasons why John Paul II should not be canonized, including, among others, his refusal to allow a more open discussion of both sexual ethics and the role of women in the church, his "repression" of liberation theology, and his unwillingness to permit a more democratic structure in the church.
Inspired by Bacon's obsessions with various old masters, "Francis Bacon and the Tradition of Art," curated by Barbara Steffen, fitted in startlingly well with the canonized collection of the KHM, into which the artist was nearly seamlessly integrated.
More than a year after capturing the Best Musical Tony award for 2000, ``Contact'' is finally here, and if the touring production that arrived at the Ahmanson on Sunday isn't quite equal to the show's hype (the New York press has all but canonized Stroman), it's still more than a little bit magical.
This grammatical mistake had existential import, since Augustine canonized this misreading as the prime precept of his monastic Rule, which many religious orders not only read but lived.
Another well-known figure from North America being canonized is German-born Franciscan nun Maria Anna Cope (1838-1918).