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canvas, strong, coarse cloth of cotton, flax, hemp, or other fibers, early used as sailcloth. Left in its natural color, bleached, or dyed, it has a wide variety of uses, as for game, duffel, sport, mail, and nose bags, tennis shoes, covers, tents, and awnings. Waterproofed with tar, paint, or the like, it is called tarpaulin and used to protect boats, hatches, and machinery. Duck is a fine light quality used for summer clothing, awnings, and sails. Artists' canvas is a light, smooth, single-warp texture, specially treated to receive paint. Art or embroidery canvas is an open-mesh type, usually linen, for working in crewels and for needlepoint.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
in art, the cloth that receives an oil painting; it may also be used for glue painting and tempera. The canvas is stretched over a frame or sometimes glued to a wood or cardboard backing; it is then grounded.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
A firm, closely woven fabric of plain weave made principally from hemp, but also from flax, jute, cotton, or a blend of fibers.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
A closely woven cloth of cotton, hemp, or flax; sometimes adhered to a wall or deck to serve as a substrate for paint; used to cover roof decks that are walking surfaces or sun decks.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
a. a heavy durable cloth made of cotton, hemp, or jute, used for sails, tents, etc.
b. (as modifier): a canvas bag
a. a piece of canvas or a similar material on which a painting is done, usually in oils
b. a painting on this material, esp in oils
3. Nautical any cloth of which sails are made
4. Nautical the sails of a vessel collectively
5. the floor of a boxing or wrestling ring
6. Rowing the tapering covered part at either end of a racing boat, sometimes referred to as a unit of length
7. under canvas Nautical with sails unfurled
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
canvas(1) A major feature of HTML5. See canvas element.
(2) In an image editing or paint program, the canvas is the window in which the picture is created or edited. It is the on-screen counterpart of the cloth canvas used by an artist. See paint program.
(3) (Canvas) A technical drawing, image editing and page layout program for Windows and the Mac from ACD Systems International, Inc., Victoria, British Columbia (www.acdsystems.com). Acquired from Deneba Software in 2003, ACD's Canvas combines numerous illustration (vector graphics) and image editing tools (bitmapped graphics) in one application. It also includes presentation graphics capabilities for producing on-screen slide shows. Specific versions have been created for GIS mapping, scientific imaging and the professional design engineering market.
|Canvas combines extensive drawing and imaging tools in one program. The PC drawing on top is a vector graphics rendering and the "first mouse" below is a bitmap. The open menus show image editing tools that are not normally found in a vector graphics drawing program.|
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