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(käntsô`nā) or


(–nä), in literature, Italian term meaning lyric or song. It is used to designate such various literary forms as Provençal troubadour poems and the lyrics of Dante, Petrarch, and other Italian poets of the 13th and 14th cent. The term was revived in the 19th cent. by Italian lyric poets, among them Giosuè Carducci.




in music, a type of instrumental music in Italy in the 16th and 17th cent. The term had previously been given to strophic songs for five or six voices; usually the canzone had three sections. The instrumental canzone was written in imitation of lute or keyboard transcriptions of French chansons, whose brief imitative sections became characteristic of the genre. Frescobaldi used it in a series of fugal sections, each a rhythmic variation of the same theme. The thematic unity of his example was adopted by Froberger and other German composers, and this development led to the fugue. The canzone for instrumental ensemble became, in the hands of Giovanni Gabrieli and his followers, a structure consisting of sections of imitation in duple meter alternating with passages in triple meter.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a lyric poem of the medieval Provencal troubadours about knightly love; originally developed in Italy in the 13th to 17th centuries. The canonical canzoni had strophic construction (five or six strophes); the last strophe was short and addressed the person to whom the canzone was dedicated. The classical models of canzoni were created by Dante and Petrarch.

The canzone was always closely associated with music; polyphonic vocal canzoni were related to the frottola and villanelle. In the 16th and 17th centuries in Italy, instrumental canzoni appeared, originally as adaptations of the French chanson and later as original compositions in the chanson style. Composers of canzoni included A. Gabrieli, C. Merulo, and G. Frescobaldi in Italy and D. Buxtehude and J. S. Bach in Germany.

The 17th-century development of canzoni for instrumental ensembles led to the formation of the concerto grosso; canzoni for keyboard instruments evolved into the fugue; and canzoni for solo instrument with accompaniment became the sonata. In the 18th and 19th centuries “canzone” was sometimes used for vocal and instrumental lyrical musical pieces (“The Heart Is Stirred by Ardent Blood,” from Mozart’s The Marriage of Figaro, or the slow movement of Tchaikovsky’s Symphony No. 4). Canzoni appear as stylized pieces in the work of such 20th-century poets as V. Ia. Briusov and M. A. Kuzmin.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(18) Thus, the verse paragraphs that compose "Dover Beach" are irregular in their overall length, the unpredictable alternation of shorter and longer lines, and their asymmetrical (though frequent) rhyme--all of which features distinguish Leopardi's own innovative use of the Italian "canzone."
Durante la navigazione, il personaggio intona a un certo punto del viaggio una canzone, accompagnandosi con un liuto:
Hilary's book is a knock-out, by the way!" The birthday celebration will be complete with a genuine "Let It Bleed" birthday cake and a Stones trivia contest with free signed copies of Sideris's "Most Likely to Die" and Mullin's "The Stones Jones Canzones" awarded as prizes.
In the aforementioned central canzone which begins "Donne ch'avete intelletto d'amore," Dante instructs the canzone not to stay among the base and vulgar, but to "contrive to show your meaning if you can only to ladies, or to a courteous man." (10)
The Canzone and Tarantella were master-classes in revealing the substance beneath Liszt's rhetoric.
O rossigniuol, che 'n queste verdi fronde Sovra 'l fugace rio fermar ti suoli, e forse a qualche noia ora t'involi, dolce cantando al suon de le roche onde, alterna teco in note alte e profonde la tua compagna e par che ti consoli: (140-41) Parallelamente alla mutazione del sonetto in stanza di canzone (componimento 59), si assiste quindi alla rimozione del termine "augello" in favore del meno dolente e malinconico "rossigniuol," conferendo cosi alla prima stanza del componimento un tono meno legato alla mestizia della tortora.
Types of poems from around the world include: Tula or Tanaga (Philippines), Haiku (Japan), Ode (ancient Greece), Ruba'I (Persia), and Canzone (Italy).
La donna e mobile is a famous canzone for tenor voice from Act III of Verdi's 1851 opera Rigoletto.
Carreras sang a selection of well-known lieder as well as arias from the staples of world opera repertoire and songs from world-famous musicals, including Francesco Tosti's "L'ultima Canzone" (The Last Song), Carlos Gardel's "Lejana Tierra Mia" (My Distant Land) and "The Impossible Dream" from Mitch Leigh's "Man of La Mancha" at Saturday night's concert, where he was accompanied by the Ankara-based Presidential Symphony Orchestra (CSO), the Anatolia news agency reported.
Canzone has met enough Indians to say namaste when we clamber board.
In "Canzone Sprayed with Graffiti" Dougherty describes a street dancer as "Giotto reaching for an angel's halo." Although the result of this technique can sometimes be bewildering the point is clear: Giotto and the boy are equal artists.