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(käntsô`nā) or


(–nä), in literature, Italian term meaning lyric or song. It is used to designate such various literary forms as Provençal troubadour poems and the lyrics of Dante, Petrarch, and other Italian poets of the 13th and 14th cent. The term was revived in the 19th cent. by Italian lyric poets, among them Giosuè Carducci.




in music, a type of instrumental music in Italy in the 16th and 17th cent. The term had previously been given to strophic songs for five or six voices; usually the canzone had three sections. The instrumental canzone was written in imitation of lute or keyboard transcriptions of French chansons, whose brief imitative sections became characteristic of the genre. Frescobaldi used it in a series of fugal sections, each a rhythmic variation of the same theme. The thematic unity of his example was adopted by Froberger and other German composers, and this development led to the fugue. The canzone for instrumental ensemble became, in the hands of Giovanni Gabrieli and his followers, a structure consisting of sections of imitation in duple meter alternating with passages in triple meter.



a lyric poem of the medieval Provencal troubadours about knightly love; originally developed in Italy in the 13th to 17th centuries. The canonical canzoni had strophic construction (five or six strophes); the last strophe was short and addressed the person to whom the canzone was dedicated. The classical models of canzoni were created by Dante and Petrarch.

The canzone was always closely associated with music; polyphonic vocal canzoni were related to the frottola and villanelle. In the 16th and 17th centuries in Italy, instrumental canzoni appeared, originally as adaptations of the French chanson and later as original compositions in the chanson style. Composers of canzoni included A. Gabrieli, C. Merulo, and G. Frescobaldi in Italy and D. Buxtehude and J. S. Bach in Germany.

The 17th-century development of canzoni for instrumental ensembles led to the formation of the concerto grosso; canzoni for keyboard instruments evolved into the fugue; and canzoni for solo instrument with accompaniment became the sonata. In the 18th and 19th centuries “canzone” was sometimes used for vocal and instrumental lyrical musical pieces (“The Heart Is Stirred by Ardent Blood,” from Mozart’s The Marriage of Figaro, or the slow movement of Tchaikovsky’s Symphony No. 4). Canzoni appear as stylized pieces in the work of such 20th-century poets as V. Ia. Briusov and M. A. Kuzmin.

References in periodicals archive ?
sopra di canzoni del divin poeta Francesco Petrarca (undated; c.
As we shall see, however, Dante is a Far stronger presence -- note the echoes of the passages cited previously in notes 40 and 50 above, both of which specifically link It aly's predicament to the failures of the papacy as the Petrarch does not, at least in the two canzoni echoed by Ariosto.
Although there are exceptions (for instance, the volume of Bariolla's Capricci, overo canzoni a quattro includes a facsimile of the tablature from the Turin keyboard manuscript), I would have preferred a more varied selection of facsimiles, especially since several of the dedicatory letters are routine and uninformative.
Ne ho ottenuto una registrazione grazie a Roberto Principe, direttore dell'azienda vinicola Principe Banfi di Erbusco, che ringrazio per avermi fatto conoscere le canzoni di Cinelli.
Trova la versione definitiva e autentica dei seguenti titoli di opere letterarie, canzoni, film, poesie, proverbi o modi di dire:
It is also for this performance that the canzoni between the acts were composed, canzoni which create a Platonic dimension inconsistent with the rest of the play.
Numerous motifs from Petrarch's landscape poems and his patriotic canzoni appear throughout the Canti; for instance, reading "Italia mia" against Leopardi's "All'Italia" is just one of the most obvious examples of shared thematic and syntactic affinities.
3) And Lasca indeed acknowledges that "[b]efore [Lorenzo's time] men celebrated Carnival by masking themselves and dressing as women, and they also used to go about at Calendimaggio cross-dressed [travestiti] as women and girls, singing canzoni a ballo.
The canzoni d'intavolatura d'organo that form the major portion of this new edition are crucial to an understanding of what sets Merulo's style apart from that of his contemporaries.
Bronzino wrote approximately three hundred poems: thirty nine capitoli (a satirical composition in terza rima), fourteen sonnets entitled I salterelli, which address a literary controversy between Annibal Caro and Lodovico Castelvetro, and roughly 265 sonnets and canzoni.
It would be difficult to think of anyone better equipped to edit this music than DeFord, who has already edited the Canzoni of Giovanni Ferretti (Recent Researches in the Music of the Renaissance, 57-58) and written extensively about Italian secular vocal music in Acta musicologica, Musica disciplina, and Studi musicali.
Non lo fu da Bembo stesso, nei suoi esercizi lirici; (3) e nemmeno dai suoi successori, vista la larga fortuna che arrise all'edizione dei Sonetti e canzoni di diversi antichi autori toscani, stampata in Firenze nel 1527 (e la cosiddetta Giuntina, o Ventisettana) e comprendente testi di Dante Alighieri, Cino da Pistoia, Guido Cavalcanti, Dante da Maiano, Guittone d'Arezzo e altri.