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(käntsô`nā) or


(–nä), in literature, Italian term meaning lyric or song. It is used to designate such various literary forms as Provençal troubadour poems and the lyrics of Dante, Petrarch, and other Italian poets of the 13th and 14th cent. The term was revived in the 19th cent. by Italian lyric poets, among them Giosuè Carducci.




in music, a type of instrumental music in Italy in the 16th and 17th cent. The term had previously been given to strophic songs for five or six voices; usually the canzone had three sections. The instrumental canzone was written in imitation of lute or keyboard transcriptions of French chansons, whose brief imitative sections became characteristic of the genre. Frescobaldi used it in a series of fugal sections, each a rhythmic variation of the same theme. The thematic unity of his example was adopted by Froberger and other German composers, and this development led to the fugue. The canzone for instrumental ensemble became, in the hands of Giovanni Gabrieli and his followers, a structure consisting of sections of imitation in duple meter alternating with passages in triple meter.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a lyric poem of the medieval Provencal troubadours about knightly love; originally developed in Italy in the 13th to 17th centuries. The canonical canzoni had strophic construction (five or six strophes); the last strophe was short and addressed the person to whom the canzone was dedicated. The classical models of canzoni were created by Dante and Petrarch.

The canzone was always closely associated with music; polyphonic vocal canzoni were related to the frottola and villanelle. In the 16th and 17th centuries in Italy, instrumental canzoni appeared, originally as adaptations of the French chanson and later as original compositions in the chanson style. Composers of canzoni included A. Gabrieli, C. Merulo, and G. Frescobaldi in Italy and D. Buxtehude and J. S. Bach in Germany.

The 17th-century development of canzoni for instrumental ensembles led to the formation of the concerto grosso; canzoni for keyboard instruments evolved into the fugue; and canzoni for solo instrument with accompaniment became the sonata. In the 18th and 19th centuries “canzone” was sometimes used for vocal and instrumental lyrical musical pieces (“The Heart Is Stirred by Ardent Blood,” from Mozart’s The Marriage of Figaro, or the slow movement of Tchaikovsky’s Symphony No. 4). Canzoni appear as stylized pieces in the work of such 20th-century poets as V. Ia. Briusov and M. A. Kuzmin.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
43-45: "Eu sui Arnautz q'amas l'aura / e catz la lebre ab lo bou / e nadi contra suberna" (I am Arnaut, who pile up the wind / and chase the rabbit with the ox / and swim against the stream; Canzoni, ed.
(1.) Facciamo riferimento alla Canzone dei Felici Pochi e degli Infelici Molti, famoso testo appartenente alla terza sezione, Canzoni popolari, della raccolta poetica morantiana del 1968.
(3) Two studies are especially concerned with the coherence of the canzoni 125-129: Noferi; Barolini.
This aspect of her project lies behind the subtitle Un 'inventio' degli anni fiorentini, since all of these lyrics, including the two canzoni glossed in the post-exilic Convivio, were written while Dante was still living in his native city.
Che in Sicilia si fosse poi cominciato a scrivere canzoni alla provenzale fro dall'inizio del secolo XIII e anche un po' prima, impossibile non e, ma non si puo dimostrare.
I giovani usavano cantare canzoni d'amore nella campagna, nelle strade e nelle case durante le ore del lavoro.
27-46) si occupa dell'analisi delle canzoni e dei sonetti morali, mentre la terza (Alla corte di Amore, pp.
The love canzoni (so called, though some do not deal with love) are also organized in terms of their content but do not parody the "maniera" of courtly love poetry; rather they engage it and elaborate upon it.
Yet, Houston goes on to show how the presence and positioning of Boccaccio's Latin poem Ytalie iam certus honos (Carmina V), the canzoni distese and Petrarch's liber fragmentorum in the Chigiano may be viewed as evidence of Boccaccio's wish to reconcile Petrarch and Dante's intellectual spheres, a reconciliation, which is also palpable, according to Houston, in the De casibus virorum illustrium and in the Trattatello.
"The People's Tenor" returns to the stage with his brand-new show Canzoni d'Amore.
See for Canzoni D'amore Tour tickets.
Tra questi vi e Louis Prima, attore, cantante e trombettista con grandi doti di intrattenitore, definito da Guida un "Multicultural Pageant" (3) per la sua capacita di mescolare nelle sue canzoni la lingua italiana e sicula, insieme alle sonorita di New Orleans, dello swing, jive, rhythm'n'blues che conquistarono l'interesse e l'entusiasmo di un pubblico vasto.