capability


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Related to capability: Negative capability

capability

[‚kāp·ə′bil·ə·dē]
(computer science)
A permission that is given to a user of a computing system in advance to access a particular object in the system in a particular way, and that the user can later present to a reference monitor as a prevalidated ticket to gain access.

capability

(operating system, security)
An operating system security or access control model where specific types of access to a specific object are granted by giving a process this data structure or token.

The token may be unforgeable (typically by using encryption or hardware "tagged" memory). Capabilities are used in OSes such as Hydra, KeyKOS, EROS, Chorus/Mix, and the Stanford V system. Similar to Kerberos, but in an OS context.

Compare access control list.

capability

In information security, an indicator (token, semaphore, etc.) that authorizes an access mode to an object such as a file or a device for a specific user or process. See also privilege.
References in periodicals archive ?
In fact we have a library of 286 Air Force medics with their language skills identified and when we had the earthquake in Pakistan we had individuals who were fluent in the local languages and we deployed those in with the Army capability that went in--the MASH--and they were in fact very helpful and very useful in providing the medical support that was so important to those folks at that time.
We used this RTT-provided RDTE to deliver a significantly greater capability than originally envisioned in the CNO's guidance, based on rapid creep of operational requirements.
ASI can therefore bridge across networks containing multiple communication protocols whilst providing the capability to reuse previously installed legacy hardware and software.
While our 5th Gen fighters bring us short-range access, we have Long Range strike to complement our Precision Strike capability.
CSTC-A was able to overcome the lag in sustaining institutional capability through a bridging strategy that saw them apply coalition forces, embedded trainers, and contract services to address ANA sustainment shortfalls.
We will only move in the required amount of military forces when the commercial capability is either nonexistent or nonresponsive.
When PMC starts a new molding job or quotes a job for a customer, it inputs the part dimensions into the computer program, which then analyzes the capability to hold the desired tolerances.
To establish process capability, the following criteria must be met: * specifications must be established; * a "predictable" process must be achieved; * process output must be measured and compared to the specification.
Not only does it require us to maintain our nuclear ICBM and missile warning capability to support the offense point of this triangle, but our missile warning, C2 and planning systems are further tasked to support the defensive point of the triad that missile defense systems provide.
This option is especially viable when the systems provide distinct/unique capability to the warfighter.
forces did not have the organic capability to receive and process broad area/multi-spectral imagery, but they relied on the purchase of commercial SPOT imagery.
Fibre Channel SANs yield a capability that supports high bandwidth storage traffic on the order of 100MB/sec.

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