capability


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Related to capability: Negative capability

capability

[‚kāp·ə′bil·ə·dē]
(computer science)
A permission that is given to a user of a computing system in advance to access a particular object in the system in a particular way, and that the user can later present to a reference monitor as a prevalidated ticket to gain access.

capability

(operating system, security)
An operating system security or access control model where specific types of access to a specific object are granted by giving a process this data structure or token.

The token may be unforgeable (typically by using encryption or hardware "tagged" memory). Capabilities are used in OSes such as Hydra, KeyKOS, EROS, Chorus/Mix, and the Stanford V system. Similar to Kerberos, but in an OS context.

Compare access control list.

capability

In information security, an indicator (token, semaphore, etc.) that authorizes an access mode to an object such as a file or a device for a specific user or process. See also privilege.
References in periodicals archive ?
Guan and Ma (2003) investigated innovative capabilities and export performance among Chinese firms, concluding that export growth was closely related to the total improvement of innovation capability dimensions, except for manufacturing capabilities.
Is execution of the capability on-par with industry standards, or at least profitable, if close competitors rely on a similar capability?
The present paper argues that this complement is a new capability, referred to here as the 'transactional capability'.
That is why so-called "gap analyses" are nothing more than highly subjective, qualitative statements that sound like, "The joint force commander lacks the capability to do_____." There is nothing rigorous or analytical about this, so why beat around the bush?
But we have that same capability on alert in Europe (in USAFE) and also in WESTPAC--we are able to respond to whatever contingencies that might arise.
Features: 100-psi pressure-forming capability, four-post form and trim presses, Windows-based PC controls with color touchscreen.
In addition, it offers the capability to disrupt explosive devices and perform forensic examination of explosives in postblast situations.
However, while many learners perceived high self-efficacy or capability, their performance did not match this perception; in other words, learners were overconfident when judging their own performance.
This resonates well when we seek to build capability, we look below the surface, beyond jets on the tarmac.
In addition to the traditional supplier selection criteria for Japanese OEMs--quality, testing capability in Japan and co-development capability--OEMs increasingly are placing emphasis on the outsourcing of systems and modules to improve efficiency.

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