capability

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capability

[‚kāp·ə′bil·ə·dē]
(computer science)
A permission that is given to a user of a computing system in advance to access a particular object in the system in a particular way, and that the user can later present to a reference monitor as a prevalidated ticket to gain access.

capability

(operating system, security)
An operating system security or access control model where specific types of access to a specific object are granted by giving a process this data structure or token.

The token may be unforgeable (typically by using encryption or hardware "tagged" memory). Capabilities are used in OSes such as Hydra, KeyKOS, EROS, Chorus/Mix, and the Stanford V system. Similar to Kerberos, but in an OS context.

Compare access control list.

capability

In information security, an indicator (token, semaphore, etc.) that authorizes an access mode to an object such as a file or a device for a specific user or process. See also privilege.
References in periodicals archive ?
Shaheen-II is a highly capable missile which fully meets Pakistan's strategic needs towards maintenance of desired deterrence stability in the region.
According to OpenAI, the system is capable of producing the content wholly by itself and only needs a brief.
As an evidence-based program, CAPABLE increases strength, mobility, and safety of older adults through home visits from a nurse, occupational therapist, and handyman.
Eight percent of Muslim respondents said the MILF was not capable of governing, with one percent saying MILF was somewhat not capable, and seven percent saying not definitely capable.
Reacting to the alleged threat, the Senior Special Assistant to the President on Media and Publicity, Malam Garba Shehu in a statement in Abuja, assured Nigerians that there was no need to panic over alleged Nnamdi Kanu's return as the federal government was capable of handling every situation.
In 2016, over 17 percent of access control readers shipped in the region were mobile capable.
According to a Gallup and Gilani Pakistan National Survey conducted in the year 1996 (21 years ago) respondents were asked, 'Some people think that according to Islamic perspective a woman cannot be the head of state, whereas others think that if a woman is capable and popular then there is nothing wrong in her being the head of the state.
MOSCOW: Russia will counter NATO's U.S.-led missile defense program by deploying new strike weapons capable of piercing the shield, President Vladimir Putin said Tuesday.
Global Banking News-August 13, 2015--Economist says China capable of stabilising yuan
"States have a compelling interest in protecting the lives of unborn children who are capable of feeling pain from abortion.
Two new PXI high-power solid-state switch modules in the vendor's range of PXI switching solutions include the Model 40-184 PXI 25-A solid-state SPST switch, which offers 3- or 6-off SPST solid-state switches capable of handling 25-A signals at up to 100 V; and the Model 40-185 PXI 1,5-A solid-state SPST switch, which provides 3- or 6-off SPST solidstate switches capable of handling 1,5-A signals at up to 400 V.