capercaillie


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

capercaillie

, capercailzie
a large European woodland grouse, Tetrao urogallus, having a black plumage and fan-shaped tail in the male

Capercaillie

 

(Tetrao urogallus), a bird of the family Tetraonidae, order Galliformes. The males weigh an average 4,100 g; females, 2,000 g. In males the top of the head, the neck, and the back are gray with dark markings, the wings are brown, the crop is black with a green metallic sheen, and the lower part of the body is dark with large white spots. The female’s plumage has dark and rusty ocher diagonal stripes. It is a sedentary bird, but sometimes performs seasonal migrations. It inhabits evergreen, mixed, and deciduous forests of Europe and Asia (in Siberia, it is found in the east as far as Western Transbaikalia, Olekminsk, and Viliuisk). The zone of distribution and the number of capercaillies has sharply diminished during the past two centuries; in some places they have disappeared. They were exterminated in Great Britain by the middle of the 18th century; in 1837 they were imported there from Sweden and acclimatized. In the USSR the capercaillie is retreating northward as forests are cut down; it has completely disappeared in a number of oblasts south of the forest zone (Kursk, Voronezh, and Tula, among others). It is polygamous.

The birds gather in the same mating places during the mating period year after year. They mate (March to May) on the ground and in trees; sometimes they mate summer, autumn, and even winter. The nest is on the ground, six to eight eggs to a clutch, rarely 12 to 16 eggs. Only the female sits, for a period of 25-28 days. Diet consists of shoots, flowers, buds, and berries in summer; the young eat insects and spiders. In the autumn, the capercaillie eats larch needles; in winter, pine and spruce needles and buds. It is the object of hunting for sport and, in some places, commercial hunting.

REFERENCES

Kirikov, S. V. “Rod glukhari.” In Ptitsy Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 4. Edited by G. P. Dement’ev and N. A. Gladkov. Moscow, 1952.
Teplov, V. P. “Glukhar’ v Pechersko-Ylychskom zapovednike.” In Trudy Pechersko-Ylychskogo zapovednika, issue 4, part 1. Moscow, 1947.
Semenov-Tian-Shanskii, O. I. “Ekologiia teterevinykh ptits.” In Trudy Laplandskogo gosudarstvennogo zapovednika, issue 5. Moscow, 1960.

A. M. SUDILOVSKAIA

References in periodicals archive ?
The diet of capercaillie in our study consisted of berries, shoots, leaves, needles and grasses and sedges and was similar to those in other sites of central and northern Europe (Picozzi et al.
The Capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus), also known as the Wood Grouse, is the largest member of the grouse family and is renowned for its mating display.
The coal mines in question are located inside a Natura 2000 site in Laciana valley, near Villablino, Leon, which is home to several critically endangered species, including brown bear (Ursus arctos) and capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus).
Scots trainer Mark Johnston reckons Capercaillie, who has three engagments, will take all the beating.
It is the partnership's intention to conduct a 2D seismic survey in 2005 to further enhance the understanding of the Capercaillie prospect situated in the Licence.
In the summer of this year Karen Matheson, singer with Scottish supergroup Capercaillie, released her second solo album, Time To Fall.
Over the years the label has introduced American audiences to artists as revered as Altan, Martin Hayes, and Capercaillie, and while always championing the best in traditional Celtic music, has never been afraid to venture into more modern sounds as well.
The capercaillie will be given maximum legal protection under legislation proposed by Scotland's Environment Minister, Sam Galbraith.
The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds bluntly told the Prince it is concerned at the way deer were being given greater priority than the capercaillie on the royal Balmoral estate.
Employing Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and grouse data derived from Finnish wildlife triangle censuses conducted during 1989-1994, we combined the locations of 2267 Black Grouse (Tetrao tetrix) and 1060 Capercaillie (T.
The project will also raise awareness among the local population, present the project results nationally and internationally and develop a methodology and guidelines for the restoration of degraded mire habitats sites concurrently supporting western capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus), moor frog (Rana arvalis) and dragonfly (Leucorrhinia) populations.