Water penetration into concrete mainly depends on the force of capillary absorption and hydrostatic pressure, whereas the water-saturated state is difficult to reach except for the concrete exposed to the condition of high hydrostatic pressure, such as the deep sea environment; consequently, almost all of the water penetration into concrete is mainly by the force of capillary absorption, and the test of capillary water
absorption is developed to evaluate the permeability of concrete [13, 14].
The pore water in an unsaturated soil can be divided into two categories: capillary water
and adsorbed water.
present a research article on this disorder and find that the capillary water
in fruit pericarp is one of the reasons in mangosteen aril.
Swampiness and salinisation of farmlands can be generated by the rise in capillary water
in soils, which weakens foundations in residential areas [1, 2].
The average capillary water
absorption rate of bricks-1.45 kg/([m.sup.2]-min).
When the partial pressure of air water vapor becomes higher than capillary water
vapor, water moves to the interior of the pore.
suction used to find out the absorption capacity of the bacterial concrete as compared to the conventional concrete.
OSA based pastes (hardened for 28 days) were tested for BET SSA as well as for total pore volume and pore size distribution to identify the further durability risks like cracking and capillary water
Indirect evidence of a phreatophyte intercepting rising capillary water
and thereby affecting higher soils comes from Kushiev (2005), who reported that plantings of the Eurasian G.
Hence, the masses of capillary water
and chemically bound water during the hydration of cement-nanosilica blends can be rewritten as in the following equations:
Ground waterproof and drainage technology can reduce and control the capillary water
effectively, and it becomes the key to design highway subgrade structure.