New Delhi

(redirected from capital of India)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

New Delhi

(dĕl`ē), city (1991 pop. 294,149), capital of India and of the National Capital Territory of DelhiDelhi
, union territory and city, N central India. The union territory, officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (2001 provisional pop. 13,782,976), 573 sq mi (1,484 sq km), is on the Delhi plain, which is crossed by the Yamuna River and stretches between the Aravalli
..... Click the link for more information.
, N central India, on the right bank of the Yamuna River. Predominantly an administrative center, it was constructed between 1912 and 1929 to replace Calcutta (now KolkataKolkata
, formerly Calcutta
, city (1991 pop. 10,916,272), capital of West Bengal state, E India, on the Hugli River. It is the second largest city in India and one of the largest in the world.
..... Click the link for more information.
) as capital of British India; New Delhi was officially inaugurated in 1931. The city is also a transportation hub and trade center with manufactures in electronics, automobile parts, engineering products, and electrical appliances.

Designed by architects Sir Edwin LutyensLutyens, Sir Edwin Landseer
, 1869–1944, English architect. He began his career designing small houses in Surrey and later executed a series of large country establishments, many of them complete with furniture and gardens.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and Herbert Baker, New Delhi has broad, symmetrically aligned streets that provide vistas of historic monuments. Between the main government buildings a broad boulevard leads east to west from India Gate, a massive war memorial arch (built 1921), through a great court to the resplendent sandstone and marble Government House (formerly the viceroy's palace; now the residence of India's president). In the southern section of the city is the prayer ground where Mahatma GandhiGandhi, Mohandas Karamchand
, 1869–1948, Indian political and spiritual leader, b. Porbandar. In South Africa

Educated in India and in London, he was admitted to the English bar in 1889 and practiced law unsuccessfully in India for two years.
..... Click the link for more information.
 was assassinated (1948). In the west are Balmiki and Lakshminarayan temples, which Gandhi frequented; the Swaminarayan Akshardham temple (2005) is is East Delhi across the Yamuna. The city has many sports stadiums and medical institutes. In recent years metropolitan New Delhi, including Old DelhiDelhi
, union territory and city, N central India. The union territory, officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (2001 provisional pop. 13,782,976), 573 sq mi (1,484 sq km), is on the Delhi plain, which is crossed by the Yamuna River and stretches between the Aravalli
..... Click the link for more information.
, has experienced overcrowding and severe air pollution. The city opened its subway system, the second in India, in 2002.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

New Delhi

 

the southern, administrative part of Delhi, the capital of India. New Delhi is the site of the principal governmental institutions of India, which has led to the incorrect use of the name New Delhi to designate Delhi.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This is largely because of the city's shared reputation with Bangalore for being the 'IT capital of India'.
Alagumuthu's parents moved to New Delhi, the capital of India, from the southern part of the country many years ago.
New Delhi was declared capital of India in 1911, and was designed as a demonstration of imperial power, with the great parade route, the Rajpath, running east to west some two kilometres from India Gate, Edwin Lutyens's national war memorial, then up the ramp between Herbert Baker's two Secretariats, to culminate in the presidential palace, the Rashtrapati Bhavan, Lutyens's Viceroy's House.
Yesterday, Indian government posters were put up in Jammu, the capital of India's Jammu-Kashmir state.
Indian Defense Minister George Fernandes accompanied the DPJ delegation, led by Hatoyama, to Srinagar, the capital of India's Jammu and Kashmir State, where they were briefed on the situation by state officials.
Yet no plans or schemes announced to tackle crime and issues of women safety that have made Delhi the crime capital of India. Highly disappointing,"read another tweet.
As well as the ancient capital of India. It is financial and commercial capital of India.
Two months later, 10 people that included five children died after a three-storey apartment came down in the financial capital of India.
Reliance Capital of India is seeking a bank as a minority third partner for it insurance arm, Reliance Life insurance.
On 22nd October, 2011, Reliance Digital will spread its established nationwide network in the following 7 cities: Bangalore, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Bhivaram, Chennai, and Mumbai, the financial capital of India.
In the chargesheets filed in Mumbai courts, the perpetrators of the attack were cited as stating that Mumbai had to be targeted because it was the ' financial capital of India'.