Capitulation

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Capitulation

 

(1) The cessation of resistance by ground, air, and naval forces or part of them in theaters or other regions of military operations, fortresses, or fortified regions and inhabited localities or at sea or on naval bases and elsewhere upon conditions presented by the victor or agreed upon in negotiations between the commanders. Capitulation is, as a rule, accompanied by the surrender of all armament, military ships and aircraft, fortresses, fortified areas, and materiel to the enemy, while personnel become prisoners of the victor.

(2) In international law, the cessation of armed struggle and the surrender of the armed forces of a belligerent state. Capitulation, as a rule, involves the imposition of political, economic, military, and other obligations on the state that has capitulated.

An unconditional capitulation is usually signed if the armed forces have been completely routed and includes recognition of this fact by the defeated state and the surrender of all armed forces. The victorious state may temporarily assume supreme power and establish an occupation regime in the defeated state.

After the unconditional capitulation of Hitlerite Germany and Japan at the end of World War II (1939–5) the Allies, in accordance with special agreements such as the Potsdam Declaration of July 26, 1945, carried out measures toward a democratization of the political regime in these countries, outlawed and disbanded criminal state organizations and political parties, and imposed economic, political, military, and other obligations on Germany and Japan.

References in periodicals archive ?
I am disappointed that we haven't started with two wins, instead of one point from a possible 10 but this season has got an awful long way to run and we are not going to capitulate after just two games.
Better to cu-operate than capitulate to the ever-increasing financial burdens.
How can a team so fired up at home capitulate, roll over and play dead, so easily on away grounds.
Blatter said: "This stance represents our determination to ensure football does not capitulate in the face of violence.
Before making the call Yeltsin said: ''Bill Clinton hopes Slobodan Milosevic will capitulate and give up the whole of Yugoslavia.