captain


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Related to captain: Military ranks

captain

1. the person in charge of and responsible for a vessel
2. the officer in command of a civil aircraft, usually the senior pilot
3. the leader of a team in games
4. US a policeman in charge of a precinct

Captain

 

an officer rank in the army of most states.

The rank (title) of captain appeared for the first time in France, where in the Middle Ages commanders of individual military districts were called captains. After 1558 company commanders were called captains, and higher commanders were called captain generals. In Russia the rank of captain appeared first in the 16th century as a title for foreign officers; in the 17th century it was applied to company commanders in the new type of regiments; in the early 18th century it was introduced throughout the whole regular Russian Army; in the cavalry (except in the dragoons) the rank of rotmistr corresponded to the rank of captain. From 1705 to 1798, there existed also the rank of lieutenant captain, which was later replaced by the rank of staff captain. In 1882 the rank of captain in the dragoon regiments and in the gendarmerie corps was replaced by the rank of rotmistr.

Captain is also an officer rank in the navies of most countries; some countries have the ranks of corvette captain, frigate captain, and captain of the ship. From the early 18th century the Russian Navy had the following captain’s ranks: commander (1707–32, 1751–64, and 1798–1827), captain of the ship (1701–13 and 1732–51), captain first and second class (1713–32 and 1751–1917), captain third class (1713–32), captain fourth class (1713–17), and lieutenant captain (1713–1884 and 1909–11).

In the Soviet armed forces in 1935 the military rank of captain was introduced in the ground forces and in the air force; in the same year the ranks of captain first, second, and third class and lieutenant captain were introduced in the navy.

What does it mean when you dream about a captain?

Captains in dreams often represent authority and decision makers. If one dreams about being a captain, one typically feels in charge (as in the “captain of our ship”).

References in classic literature ?
"I'll find out in a moment," said the compliant captain, joining the group of boatmen, and putting his questions right and left, with the easy familiarity which distinguished him.
The captain pointed southward toward Slaughden, and offered his arm.
With pretended reluctance Captain Jim dug his life-book out of his old chest and handed it to Owen.
While talking, Captain Jim watched Owen Ford from the corner of his eye as the latter examined the life-book; and presently observing that his guest was lost in its pages, he turned smilingly to his cupboard and proceeded to make a pot of tea.
This was a sore abomination to the honest captain, who held their literary pretensions in great contempt.
It is possible the captain was in some degree right in his notions.
No, no; Henrietta might do worse than marry Charles Hayter; and if she has him, and Louisa can get Captain Wentworth, I shall be very well satisfied."
Aronnax," replied the Captain; "but I think you have serious reasons for wishing to see me?"
"It's a way of speaking," said the captain. "Blabbed, I mean.
The captain's eyebrows lifted impatiently and nervously, and his fist clenched as if he were about to strike a blow with it.
This was what I wished for; and immediately leaving Friday and the captain's mate to their business, I took the rest with me; and, crossing the creek out of their sight, we surprised the two men before they were aware - one of them lying on the shore, and the other being in the boat.
The captain had their senior sergeant called in, and in a stern voice asked him to what regiment he belonged, who was his commanding officer, and by what right he allowed himself to claim quarters that were already occupied.