capuchin


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capuchin

(kăp`yo͞ochĭn), name for New World monkeysmonkey,
any of a large and varied group of mammals of the primate order. The term monkey includes all primates that do not belong to the categories human, ape, or prosimian; however, monkeys do have certain common features.
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 of the genus Cebus, widely distributed in tropical forests of Central and South America. Medium-sized monkeys, they have a body length of 14 to 24 in. (36–61 cm), with a tail up to 20 in. (50 cm) long, and weigh 2 to 4 lb (0.9–1.8 kg). The coat is black or brown, with lighter markings on the chest in some species. The flattened face is naked and pink. Members of some species have manes resembling the cowls of capuchin monks. The tail is partially prehensile, that is, it can be used for grasping but not with the dexterity displayed by most New World monkeys. It is usually carried with the end curled in a spiral, hence the alternate name, ringtail monkey. Capuchins travel in groups through the trees, making loud sounds, and rarely descend to the ground. They feed on leaves, fruit, insects, small animals, and bird eggs. They are easily trained and are well known from circuses and as the classic organ-grinder's monkey. In the wild they use simple tools, such as rocks, for such tasks as cracking the hard shells of fruits. They are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Primates, family Cebidae.

Capuchin

 

(Cebus), a genus of American prehensile-tailed monkey of the Cebidae family.

Capuchins have relatively large, round skulls, with a shortened facial section, moderately long limbs, and a well-developed thumb. The tail is long and covered with hair, and the final third is prehensile. Capuchins inhabit the lush tropical forests of Central and South America, living in trees, chiefly in groups of eight to 30 individuals. They feed on leaves, fruits, nuts, insects, bird eggs, and fledglings. There are several species. The white-throated capuchin (C. capucinus) has black fur on most of its body but yellowish-white fur on the forehead or throat and chest and shoulders, a body length of about 45 cm, and a tail of 40–50 cm. The brown capuchin (C. apella) has a black crest, a body length of 35–45 cm, and a tail of 38–48 cm. Capuchins are often kept in zoos, where they usually reproduce successfully.

REFERENCES

Weber, M. Primaty. Moscow-Leningrad, 1936. (Translated from German.)
Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 6:Mlekopitaiushchie. Moscow, 1971.

M. F. NESTURKH

capuchin

1. any agile intelligent New World monkey of the genus Cebus, inhabiting forests in South America, typically having a cowl of thick hair on the top of the head
2. a rare variety of domestic fancy pigeon

Capuchin

a. a friar belonging to a strict and autonomous branch of the Franciscan order founded in 1525
b. (as modifier): a Capuchin friar
References in periodicals archive ?
At Inverell, for example, Father Cherubim took up his appointment in March 1880, just a few months after his arrival in the diocese, and together with his brother, Lawrence, who was a Capuchin lay-brother, built a church, presbytery and school and welcomed the Sisters of St Joseph to the parish.
Casey co-founded the Capuchin Soup Kitchen in 1929 and today it serves the Detroit metro area by providing food, clothing and human development programs to the people of the community In addition to preparing and serving up to 2,000 meals a day, the facility has an emergency food pantry, service center and a tutoring program for children.
Wild bearded capuchins in Brazil use handheld stones to whack rocks poking out of cliffs and outcrops, although researchers don't know why.
The researchers think that differences in the response of humans and capuchins could stem from the different experiences that monkeys and people have with markets and how they behave.
The 12-week-old |baby capuchin monkey at Chester Zoo with its 15-year-old mum
He began his vocation discernment journey and made his decision to become a Capuchin brother while attending the St.
Meanwhile, medical experts also confirmed that she had suffered malnutrition in her youth, which as per the Capuchin monkeys expert was due to living off a diet of just fruit and nuts.
THE WOMAN RAISED BY MONKEYS (9pm National Geographic) IT'S A story you long to be true - Bradford woman Marina Chapman, inset, made headlines around the world earlier this year with her claim that she spent five years of her childhood alone in the South American rainforest - and owes her survival to the tiny capuchin monkeys who accepted her as one of their own.
Bradford woman Marina Chapman made headlines around the world earlier this year with her extraordinary claim that she spent five years of her childhood alone in the South American rainforest - and that she owes her survival to the tiny capuchin monkeys who accepted her as one of their own.
The Capuchin Friars Minor is a religious order that broke away from the Franciscans in 1520.
Tomorrow participants are invited to hear a number of speakers including Br Kevin, who runs the busy Capuchin Food Centre on Bowe Street, at St Mary's of the Angels Capuchin Church.