caracal


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caracal

(kăr`əkəl) or

Persian lynx,

mammal of the family Felidae (catcat,
name applied broadly to the carnivorous mammals constituting the family Felidae, and specifically to the domestic cat, Felis catus. The great roaring cats, the lion, tiger, and leopard are anatomically very similar to one another and constitute the genus
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 family), native to Asia and Africa. The caracal, Caracal caracal, is reddish brown with black-tufted ears. Its total length is about 3 1-4 ft (105 cm). It preys on small deer, hares, birds, and other animals. Active mainly at twilight, it will hunt during the night in hot weather. In some regions it is trained to catch such game for humans. Also known as the African or desert lynx, it is not a true lynxlynx,
name given to several related small, ferocious members of the cat family. All have small heads, tufted ears, and heavy bodies with long legs and short tails. All are primarily terrestrial, although they are able to climb trees.
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. Caracals are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Carnivora, family Felidae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Caracal

 

a city in Rumania, in Oltenia district. Population, 24, 300 (1970). Railroad junction. The major industry is food-processing, chiefly fruit and vegetable canning.


Caracal

 

(Felis caracal), a predatory mammal of the Felidae (cat) family. The body length reaches 85 cm, and the tail is about 25 cm; height at the shoulder is about 45 cm.

The caracal has tufts of hair on the tips of its ears and short fur that is sandy yellow on top and whitish underneath; the tufts and outer sides of the ears are black. It resembles the lynx in appearance. Caracals are distributed in the deserts and piedmonts of Africa and Asia. They are not common in the USSR, where they are found only in southern Turkmenia and occasionally in Uzbekistan. They feed on small mammals, such as pikas, susliks, jerboas, and rabbits, and birds; occasionally they will attack Persian gazelles. The caracal is a protected species in the USSR.

REFERENCE

Mlekopitaiushchie Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 2, part 2. Moscow, 1972.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

caracal

1. a lynxlike feline mammal, Lynx caracal, inhabiting deserts of N Africa and S Asia, having long legs, a smooth coat of reddish fur, and black-tufted ears.
2. the fur of this animal
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
While the Caracal is widely distributed throughout the region (typically in mountainous areas), individuals present on the Arabian Peninsula are becoming increasingly rare due to illegal hunting and habitat destruction.
On formation of NewCo, Caracal will transfer the relevant Permits to NewCo, with the JV partners expected to hold 90%, in the same proportion as their respective participating interests in the JV, and the Malian government expected to hold the balancing 10%.
These same uncertainties have also been raised by the European Commission in November 2017, as they submitted questions to the Competent Authorities for REACH and CLP ahead of the CARACAL meeting.
Neeraj Gupta, MD of MKU said, "We look forward to a strong association with EDIC Caracal. This association will further strengthen each other's product range for India and the Middle East.
"Not only was Dark Caracal able to cast its net wide, it was also able to gain deep insight into each of the victim's lives," the report concluded.
In addition, ACA has been monitoring efforts advanced by the coatings industry associations in Europe to influence national delegations, engage with CARACAL officials, and secure formal consideration of key industry positions that include the following:
In the interwar period of time, the political press from Caracal offered "interesting and exciting" information (Dinca, Grigorescu and Popovici, 2007: 227-228).
In January, Caracal announced a partnership with Wilcox Industries in Newington, N.H., to manufacture Caracal products for the first time in the United States," said Christopher Sirois, president of Caracal USA.
Then it's off to Namibia to show how a strange looking cat called a caracal has given household cats the the ability to jump more than three metres and catch birds in flight, inspiring the phrase "put the cat amongst the pigeons."
Three nights at London's Alexandra Palace and a headlining show at New York's Madison Square Garden confirmed the transatlantic multigenre success of star-studded second long player Caracal.
Brothers Howard and Guy Lawrence released Disclosure's second album Caracal in September, featuring vocals from Lorde, Gregory Porter and Sam Smith.
Caracal certainly has its moments, but the lack of the throbbing bass, dazzling dance beats and synth crescendos we fell in love with on its predecessor is felt.