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(kär'əkär`ə): see falconfalcon,
common name for members of the Falconidae, a heterogeneous family of long-winged birds of prey similar to the hawks but genetically more closely related to the parrots and other birds.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the common name for birds of the subfamily Daptriinae, family Falconidae, order of diurnal birds of prey. In contrast to the true falcon, the caracara lacks a tooth on the upper beak and has naked cheeks and throat (sometimes sparsely covered with feathers). It has blunt wings, a long crop, and weak claws. It flies rather poorly but runs well; therefore it tends to stay on the ground.

Carnearas are insectivorous or omnivorous and frequentlyfeed on carrion. They are found in America from the southernUSA to Tierra del Fuego. There are four genera with nine spe-cies. The common caracara, or carancha (Polyborus planeas), isabout 70 cm long; its back is dark brown with lighter crossstripes, and its head is crested. It lives in open level terrain andnests in bushes. It lays two to three eggs in a clutch, which areincubated for 28 days.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Seed dispersal of Attalea phalerata (Palmae) by Crested caracaras (Caracara plancus) in the Pantanal and a review of frugivory by raptors.
zopilote, caracara) son muy tolerantes a la perturbacion e incluso prefieren areas cercanas a poblados (Rodriguez-Estrella et al.
Potential Stripe-tailed Yellow-finch nest predators with relevant importance due to their conspicuousness in the old mining areas are the Southern Caracara (Caracara plancus (Miller, 1777), Falconidae) and the Burrowing Owl (Athene cunicularia (Molina, 1782), Strigidae).
Tal el caso de don Alonso Chuquivilca del repartimiento de Visisa (mitad urinsaya de la antigua Federacion Qharaqhara) y Pedro Soto, "cacique principal del repartimiento de macha capitan y superior de la nacion caracara del partido de urcosuyo en la provincia de charcas" (AHP CR 18:f.222 r.; Capoche 1959 [1585]:137; Del Rio 1995).
Predators include the terrestrial, diurnal bird seriema (Cariama cristata), a nocturnal owl, the diurnal hawk southern Caracara (Caracara plancus), the nocturnal snake jararaca (Bothrops neuwiedi), a diurnal Colubridae snake, the hoary fox (Lycalopex vetulus), the wildcat, and the large-sized lizard tegu (Tupinambis merianae).
Animal Conducta/habitos Asociaciones simbolicas Carancho (Caracara Carronero.
Con base a la frecuencia de aparicion, las especies que se ubicaron en las tres zonas y la zona de referencia del pantano fueron: Buteo magnirostris (especie rapaz), Elanus leucurus (especie rapaz), Rostrhamus sociabilis (especie rapaz sujeta a proteccion especial), Butorides striatus, Ardea alba, Egretta thula, Caracara cheriway (especie rapaz), Cathartes burrovianus, Coragyps atratus, Crotophaga sulcirostris, Dendrocygna autumnalis, Sporophila torqueola, Stelgidopterix ruficollis, Agelaius phoeniceus, Jacana spinosa e Himantopus mexicanus.