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group of travelers or merchants banded together and organized for mutual assistance and defense while traveling through unsettled or hostile country. Caravan trade is associated with the history of the Middle East as far back as the records of ancient civilizations extend and seems to have been well developed before sea commerce began. It is evident that all trade from one fertile area to another in this region had to be organized from the first, since long distances of desert trail separated settled parts and since local governments could not guarantee protection against tribes eager for loot and pillage. Such wares as jewels, spices, perfumes, dyes, metals, rare woods, ivory, oils, and textiles (chiefly silk) are associated with the trade. Camels were the main carriers from Egypt to Mesopotamia and throughout the Arabian peninsula. They were introduced into N Africa and the Sahara region in the 3d cent. A.D. Donkeys were used in Asia Minor. Trade naturally prospered in the period of the great empires, when the caravan routes could be controlled and protected; and it was to secure control of such routes that many wars were fought and conquests made in ancient times. An empire provided for the establishment of inns, or caravansaries, for the accommodation of travelers along the way. Such improvements facilitated the movement of troops to protect the routes. Cities rose and fell in ancient times in proportion to the rise and fall in the trade of the caravan routes upon which they were located. Basically the caravan system underwent little change until challenged in modern times by the motor truck and the airplane. Travelers having occasion to cross desert spaces usually joined merchant caravans. After the advent of Islam, the pilgrimage of the devout to Mecca gave rise to long pilgrim caravans that were a feature of the pilgrimage season each year. The closest approach to caravan trade in the New World was the wagon trainwagon train,
in U.S. history, a group of covered wagons used to convey people and supplies to the West before the coming of the railroad. The wagon replaced the pack, or horse, train in land commerce as soon as proper roads had been built.
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 commerce that developed over the Sante Fe Trail.
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References in periodicals archive ?
? ?Winchcombe Camping and Caravanning Club Site, near Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire A stone's throw away from Sudeley Castle, Winchcombe Camping and Caravanning Club Site also offers self-catering holiday cottages for a bit of luxury.
Employees of Trinity Mirror plc, The Camping and Caravanning Club, Explorer Group, their immediate families or anyone professionally associated with this prize draw is excluded from entering.
And a study by the Caravan Club - whose membership has soared to more than a million - shows caravanning is now one of the UK's most popular holiday ideas.
Nikki Nichol, a spokeswoman for the Caravan Club, said they were "delighted" to have Mrs Beckett as a long-term member and added the publicity about her caravanning holidays was "wonderful".
The highly successful Start Caravanning initiative will run throughout the show, from February 18 to 26, and will give visitors the opportunity to experience towing a caravan on the roads around the NEC.
The Camping and Caravanning Club has reported a 10 per cent increase in bookings across its 106 club campsites, compared with figures from 2017.
Here's ZOE CHAMBERLAIN'S top 10 camping and caravanning destinations in the Midlands OOKING for a last-minute family holiday that won't incur huge costs or lengthy car journeys?
To celebrate National Camping and Caravanning Week, which runs from May 25-31, we've joined forces with The Camping and Caravanning Club and Compass Caravans to give away an amazing prize to one very lucky reader: a Compass Rallye 644 touring caravan, worth more than PS25,000!
Caravanning may not seem like the obvious choice but it's one of the best there is when it comes to holiday accommodation.
"Caravanning is inherently very safe, with extremely low levels of reported accidents."
IT has already been dubbed the Summer of Great Britain as more families tighten the purse strings and opt to spend their holidays in the UK rather than travel abroad With around half a million caravanning enthusiasts in the UK, leisure towing is a serious business - one which has prompted Chevrolet to create its own guide to safer caravanning.
Touring caravan or motorhome holidays regularly attract 1.5 million enthusiasts, and the caravanning organisations also benefit from the interest, with The Caravan Club claiming one million members, and the Camping and Caravanning club having almost six hundred thousand members.