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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an inn and trading post for caravans along the roads in the cities of Southwest Asia, Middle Asia, and Transcaucasia. Caravansaries, which have been known since antiquity, were widespread during the ninth through 18th centuries as cities grew and the caravan trade intensified.

Two types are most common: the hall caravansary and thecaravansary with an inner court. The hall caravansaries, seen inArmenia, are retangular buildings divided into naves. The mid-dle nave is designed for men and goods; the animals are kept inthe side naves. The other type has small buildings of one or a fewstories, where travelers stay with their merchandise; the build-ings open on an enclosed court, where the animals are kept.Roadside caravansaries were fortified with protective walls orelse were attached to inns or fortresses (rabats and khans). Thedevelopment of railroads and other modern type of transporthave brought about a decline in the importance of caravansarieson transit roads.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

caravansary, caravanserai

interior of a caravansary
1.In the middle east, a building or inn for the overnight lodging of travelers by caravan; usually enclosed by a solid wall and entered through a large gate.
2. By extension, any large inn or hotel.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
That section was the caravanserai. The caravanserai was an open invitation to the world to come and trade in Madina.
The caravanserais were handed over to private investors for a span of 20 years under contracts for restoration, maintenance and operation, said Hossain Khajehbid-Derakhti who heads the province's ICHTO.
The Buddha sat tranquil, his calm shattered by the laughter of little children at Gol Gathri, a medieval caravanserai.
Between 1935 and 1975, pioneers such as Jean Sauvaget, Maxime Siroux, and Kurt Erdmann published a series of monographs on the caravanserais of Syria, Iran.
The Turkish heritage added to the list previously are Alahan Monestary, Alanya (castle and shipyard), Bursa and Cumalikizik Early Ottoman urban and rural settlements, Edirne Selimiye Mosque, Ephesus, Harran and Sanliurfa, Ishak Pasha Palace, Karain Cave, Konya- a capital of Seljuk Civilization, Mardin cultural landscape, Selcuk caravanserais en route from Denizli to Dogubeyazit, St.
The caravanserais, souks, hammams and charitable institutions which share the same architectural language throughout the Muslim world are not compared or discussed.
The first paper Developing a Visual Lexical Model for Semantic Management of Architectural Visual Data Design of Spatial Ontology for Caravanserais of Silk Roads by Elham Andaroodi et al overviews the methodology to create a multi-lingual ontology for caravanserai, an historical type of cultural heritage buildings from the Middle East.
There are currently some 200 inns and caravanserais on the Turkish side of the border.
As of today, the Sheki Khan's Palace, the caravanserais, mosques and minarets, ancient bridges, artisan workshops and residential houses epitomizing our past in the historical center of Sheki are considered to be the cultural heritage not only of our people, but also of humanity," reads the congratulatory letter.
A strategic stop along the legendary Silk Road, the 12th-century Dayahatyn Caravanserai is one of the best preserved caravanserais in Central Asia, dating back to a period of intensive trade between East and West.