The sites in the capital include the Ichari Shahar or `Inner City,' which resembles a medieval citadel, charming 14th-and 15th-century caravanserais
which now house popular restaurants serving traditional Azerbaijani cuisine, and the Royal Palace of the Shirvan Shahs, built by King Khalil of Shirvan and his son, Farrokh Yasser, in the 15th century.
It consists of attractive market with several baths, two caravanserais
, a plaza, and eleven churches.
Of Allom's extensive output, Amiouni has chosen to showcase his representations of the Palace of Said Pasha, the Bosporus, caravanserais
, mosques and bazrs (including slave markets), with an eye to depicting the boisterous cultural of the Ottoman Empire in the 19th century.
They are also credited with the first Islamic road inns or caravanserais
, of which they built a number of remarkable examples across Bilad al-Sham and possibly further east and south, and which will be the topic of a projected book by Rebecca Foote.
The first tome in the series includes mosques, bridges, fortresses, tombs, caravanserais
and other masterpieces of architecture, one area the Seljuk excelled in, from modern-day Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Syria, Palestine, Yemen, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Afghanistan, Armenia and other areas where the Seljuk once ruled.
This resulted in inns called caravanserais
(they were later called khans) along the main routes -places of rest where people and animals would be safe for the night and where they could be sure of food and lodging.
As Finigan himself said of a visit in August 1837: "Among the persons whom I met in the caravanserais
of John Street were beggars, showmen, music grinders, pedlars and impostures of different grades and different nations, lodging in wretched harmony, filthy vileness and disgusting dirt to the number of from 15 to 20 or more in one house.
Historically, in the east and middle-east, stopping places for caravans were called caravanserais
The Turkish heritage added to the list previously are Alahan Monestary, Alanya (castle and shipyard), Bursa and Cumalikizik Early Ottoman urban and rural settlements, Edirne Selimiye Mosque, Ephesus, Harran and Sanliurfa, Ishak Pasha Palace, Karain Cave, Konya- a capital of Seljuk Civilization, Mardin cultural landscape, Selcuk caravanserais
en route from Denizli to Dogubeyazit, St.
There were awqaf for feeding stray cats, for compensating masters for losses caused by their servants' mistakes, for the madaris and hospitals, for the caravanserais
and travellers' inns, for providing municipal services and upkeeping mosques, and so on.
This architecture of trade includes covered bazaars or souqs, caravanserais
or khans which are the medieval equivalent of modern hotels.
This model -domain ontology- provides systematic lexical specification of the components and the relationships between them that reflects 3 dimensional characteristics of the architectural content for a typology of historical buildings, caravanserais
of the Silk Roads.