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(kăr`əvĕl') or


(kär`vəl), three-masted sailing vessel, generally square-rigged with the aftermast lateen-rigged. It had a roundish hull with a high bow and stern. The term "carvel-built" (see boatboat,
small, open nautical vessel propelled by sail, oar, pole, paddle, or motor. The use of the term boat for larger vessels, although common, is somewhat improper, but the line between boats and ships is not easy to draw.
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) was derived from its method of construction. A change from bulkier ships to caravels, with their small displacement, enabled the Portuguese in the 15th cent. to take the lead among Western nations in exploring the African coast; the caravel thereafter was of primary importance in the era of expansion and exploration. Columbus's flagship, the Santa María, was a typical caravel.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a sailing ship with high sides, one deck, three or four masts, and high superstructures at the bow and stern.

Caravels were widely used by Mediterranean countries from the 13th through the 17th century (first by Italy and then by Spain and Portugal). From the 15th century caravels were used for ocean voyages; in 1492 a caravel flotilla under the command of Columbus crossed the Atlantic Ocean, and in 1498, Vasco da Gama sailed from Europe to India in a caravel.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"The driver of the Volkswagen Caravelle received minor injuries and was treated at the scene by paramedics."
This car was first introduced in 2003 but here, we're looking at the second generation version, launched in 2010 when it slotted in beneath two larger MPV models in Volkswagen's range, the Sharan and that aforementioned Caravelle. Though the size of a Touran might not suit people who've qualified for their own private parking bay at the maternity ward, for most families most of the time, it turned out to be about right, positioned directly against rivals like Vauxhall's Zafira and Renault's Scenic at the larger end of the compact-MPV sector.
With ample space for seven adults and luggage, strong common-rail diesel engines and a classy feel, there isn't much else that can do what a Caravelle can.
This summer the city completed work on Caravelle Park, a park Mayor Dyster ignored, in spite of resident requests, since 2008.
Beloved by businesses with one eye on resale values, Volkswagen's latest-generation Transporter Shuttle and Caravelle have gone on sale at prices starting at [pounds sterling]23,440.
Jennifer Paganelli and Carla Crim created a tote, clutch, table runner and skirt pattern and fabricated them in Jennifer's newest line for FreeSpirit fabric, Caravelle Arcade.
After the day of hard work, pressure and excitement, Caravelle Saigon team hold the winners' cup with: Ms.
Les activites de sports et de loisirs nautiques, dont la pratique est autorisee au niveau de ces retenues d'eau, sont l'aviron, la voile (optimist, caravelle, laser), le canoE1/2, le kayak, le pedalo, la peche recreative, la natation, la baignade.
The famous old Caravelle Hotel in Ho Chi Minh City has embarked on a major renovation project.
The automaker claims to have become the first European automotive manufacturer in Australia to offer a six-year capped-price servicing scheme on its entire range of commercial vehicles, including the Caddy, Transporter, Multivan, Caravelle, Crafter, and Amarok.
Data from the association of motor vehicle industry (Gaikindo) showed that in the first seven months of 2012, sales of VW cars including VW Caravelle surged 64.5% to 574 units from 349 units in the same period in 2011.