caraway


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

caraway,

biennial Old World plant (Carum carvi) of the family Umbelliferae (parsleyparsley,
Mediterranean aromatic herb (Petroselinum crispum or Apium petroselinum) of the carrot family, cultivated since the days of the Romans for its foliage, used in cookery as a seasoning and garnish.
..... Click the link for more information.
 family), cultivated in Europe and North America for its aromatic seeds. They are small and ovate, with a pleasant spicy flavor, and are used as a condiment; as seasoning of pastry and bread doughs, cabbage, sausage, and some kinds of cheese; and as flavoring for certain liqueurs (as kümmel). The volatile oil expressed from the seeds is a stimulant and a carminative. Caraway is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information.
, class Magnoliopsida, order Umbellales, family Umbelliferae.

Caraway

 

(Trachyspermum copticum, Carum ajowan), an aromatic Indian plant. It is an annual of the Ajowan genus, of the Umbelliferae family. The stem is cylindrical, with longitudinal grooves and many branches and reaches a height of 70–120 cm. The root is thin and fusiform and goes down as far as 1 m below the ground. The leaves are alternate and pin-nately cleft two or three times; the lower leaves are stalky. The blossoms are small and monoecious with a white or violet corolla forming an intricate umbel. The fruit is dicotylous. The caraway grows well in hot and clear weather and on soil of moderate humidity. It grows wild in the Mediterranean region, Asia Minor, India, and Middle and East Asia. It is grown for essential oil in many countries, including India, Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey, the People’s Republic of China, Argentina, and North Africa. In the USSR it is grown in the Chuia Valley (Kirghizia); some biotypes grow in the central zone of the European USSR. The fruit contains 2.5–10 percent essential oil (with 35–40 percent thymol), 20–32 percent oil, and 15–17 percent albumin. The thymol is used in medicine, in perfume and cosmetic products, for paint and lacquer, and in the food and other industries. The de-thymolized essential oil (thymine) is used in making soap. The waste of the fruit processing makes good animal fodder. The seeds grow at a temperature of 8°C. Shoots appear 12–20 days after planting, depending on the temperature and humidity of the soil. The vegetation period is 120–156 days. The caraway is sown in early spring; in Kirghizia it can also be sown by the early winter, but the plantings need irrigation. The caraway is harvested with the two-stage method—the mowing process separated from the threshing—when the fruit in the umbels of the first-grown plants becomes brown among 60–70 percent of the plants. With good agrotechnology the harvest yield is 8–12 metric centners (800–1,200 kg) per ha.

A. T. KSENDZ

caraway

[′kar·ə‚wā]
(botany)
Carum carvi. A white-flowered perennial herb of the family Umbelliferae; the fruit is used as a spice and flavoring agent.

caraway

1. an umbelliferous Eurasian plant, Carum carvi, having finely divided leaves and clusters of small whitish flowers.
2. caraway seed the pungent aromatic one-seeded fruit of this plant, used in cooking and in medicine
References in periodicals archive ?
In particular, he refers to UFC women's bantamweight champion Ronda Rousey and long-time rival and nemesis, Bryan Caraway.
Finally, coat the cooked carrots with the caraway oil and place in the centre of a plate.
Renee Hartley, a Democratic political consultant, said that although Clayton is wildly charismatic and a great candidate, "I just don't know that he's going to be able to get his message as far and as wide and cut into what probably will be for her an overwhelming lead." No amount of determination or shoe leather will do it for Caraway either, Hartley said.
Caraway carded a 44 to finish second in the field as the Red Devils finished the round with a score of 225.
Caraway contains carvone, limonene, pinene, phellandrene; the minerals, iron, sodium, potassium, phosphorus, zinc, calcium and magnesium.
surinamensis are listed in Table 3, and those of lavender, flaxseed, caraway, and saad oils are depicted in Figures 6 to 9, respectively.
Mayor Dwaine Caraway, on Monday, (http://www.ibtimes.com/dallas-official-urges-nra-convention-relocate-after-florida-school-shooting-2655628) proposed the organization move its convention to another location.
5 Add the tomato puree, onion and garlic, caraway, cayenne and paprika and combine it together to coat all the beef.
Filled with inexpensive, everyday ingredients like mushrooms or cabbage and flavored with caraway, the dough was usually made with lard.
Toast 2 tsp caraway seeds in a dry frying pan for 1-2 minutes until fragrant.
by Times News Service Caraway seeds are used to give a distinctive flavour to bread, cabbage, soups, chicken, and cookies.
FDgard capsules contain caraway oil and 1-Menthol, the chief component in peppermint oil, for the dietary management of FD.