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biennial Old World plant (Carum carvi) of the family Umbelliferae (parsleyparsley,
Mediterranean aromatic herb (Petroselinum crispum or Apium petroselinum) of the carrot family, cultivated since the days of the Romans for its foliage, used in cookery as a seasoning and garnish.
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 family), cultivated in Europe and North America for its aromatic seeds. They are small and ovate, with a pleasant spicy flavor, and are used as a condiment; as seasoning of pastry and bread doughs, cabbage, sausage, and some kinds of cheese; and as flavoring for certain liqueurs (as kümmel). The volatile oil expressed from the seeds is a stimulant and a carminative. Caraway is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Umbellales, family Umbelliferae.



(Trachyspermum copticum, Carum ajowan), an aromatic Indian plant. It is an annual of the Ajowan genus, of the Umbelliferae family. The stem is cylindrical, with longitudinal grooves and many branches and reaches a height of 70–120 cm. The root is thin and fusiform and goes down as far as 1 m below the ground. The leaves are alternate and pin-nately cleft two or three times; the lower leaves are stalky. The blossoms are small and monoecious with a white or violet corolla forming an intricate umbel. The fruit is dicotylous. The caraway grows well in hot and clear weather and on soil of moderate humidity. It grows wild in the Mediterranean region, Asia Minor, India, and Middle and East Asia. It is grown for essential oil in many countries, including India, Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey, the People’s Republic of China, Argentina, and North Africa. In the USSR it is grown in the Chuia Valley (Kirghizia); some biotypes grow in the central zone of the European USSR. The fruit contains 2.5–10 percent essential oil (with 35–40 percent thymol), 20–32 percent oil, and 15–17 percent albumin. The thymol is used in medicine, in perfume and cosmetic products, for paint and lacquer, and in the food and other industries. The de-thymolized essential oil (thymine) is used in making soap. The waste of the fruit processing makes good animal fodder. The seeds grow at a temperature of 8°C. Shoots appear 12–20 days after planting, depending on the temperature and humidity of the soil. The vegetation period is 120–156 days. The caraway is sown in early spring; in Kirghizia it can also be sown by the early winter, but the plantings need irrigation. The caraway is harvested with the two-stage method—the mowing process separated from the threshing—when the fruit in the umbels of the first-grown plants becomes brown among 60–70 percent of the plants. With good agrotechnology the harvest yield is 8–12 metric centners (800–1,200 kg) per ha.



Carum carvi. A white-flowered perennial herb of the family Umbelliferae; the fruit is used as a spice and flavoring agent.


1. an umbelliferous Eurasian plant, Carum carvi, having finely divided leaves and clusters of small whitish flowers.
2. caraway seed the pungent aromatic one-seeded fruit of this plant, used in cooking and in medicine
References in periodicals archive ?
These results are similar to those obtained in a previous work with Tunisian caraway seed ecotype from Haouaria which seed total fatty acid content decreased by about 35.
2 Tablespoons caraway seeds 6 cups boiling water 2 Tablespoons vegan margarine 4 Tablespoons flour 1/2 cup soy sour cream 1/2 cup croutons
Do try to make sure you have the caraway seed though, because it is the soulmate of cabbage and will hold the cabbage in line when it starts to get too gasy.
Till date, the world's oldest animated picture-book, dice and backgammon set, the earliest known caraway seed and artificial eyeball have been found in the Burnt City.
Have a munch on two cracker varieties - Fennel (for pungent cheese) and Chive (creamy cheese) or four flavours of biscuits - Mustard & Black Pepper (Cheddar), Celery (Stilton), Basil (sheep's cheese) and Caraway Seed (goat's cheese).
INGREDIENTS: 900 grams beef skirt or shin 2 tablespoons beef dripping 2 medium onions roughly chopped 1 bay leaf 750 ml beef stock 2 medium red peppers 2 heaped tablespoons plain flour 1 teaspoon caraway seed 1 dessert spoon chilli paprika 2 tablespoons sweet paprika 1 tin chopped tomatoes (liquidised
She also made coconut and caraway seed cakes and bacon and corned beef pies.
Sprinkle the birds with 2 tbsp of the Caraway Seed, then cook in the oven for 40 minutes.
coarse ground pork shoulder 1-2 tablespoons pressed garlic (to taste) 1 tablespoon dill seed 1 tablespoon black pepper 3 tablespoons caraway seed 1 cup red wine 1/4 cup green onion tops (or chives) 1/2 cup chopped onion 1/2 cup fresh chopped parsley 1 tablespoon salt
5 Place a pinch of caraway seed in each and add five pieces of beetroot.
2 pounds thin-skinned potatoes, scrubbed 1/2 cup unflavored nonfat yogurt or reduced-calorie mayonnaise 1/2 cup cider vinegar 1 teaspoon caraway seed 2 large (about 1 1/4 lb.
In a 1-quart zip-lock plastic freezer bag, combine the carrots, lime peel, juice, vinegar, honey, mustard, caraway seed, and chilies.