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biennial Old World plant (Carum carvi) of the family Umbelliferae (parsleyparsley,
Mediterranean aromatic herb (Petroselinum crispum or Apium petroselinum) of the carrot family, cultivated since the days of the Romans for its foliage, used in cookery as a seasoning and garnish.
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 family), cultivated in Europe and North America for its aromatic seeds. They are small and ovate, with a pleasant spicy flavor, and are used as a condiment; as seasoning of pastry and bread doughs, cabbage, sausage, and some kinds of cheese; and as flavoring for certain liqueurs (as kümmel). The volatile oil expressed from the seeds is a stimulant and a carminative. Caraway is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Umbellales, family Umbelliferae.



(Trachyspermum copticum, Carum ajowan), an aromatic Indian plant. It is an annual of the Ajowan genus, of the Umbelliferae family. The stem is cylindrical, with longitudinal grooves and many branches and reaches a height of 70–120 cm. The root is thin and fusiform and goes down as far as 1 m below the ground. The leaves are alternate and pin-nately cleft two or three times; the lower leaves are stalky. The blossoms are small and monoecious with a white or violet corolla forming an intricate umbel. The fruit is dicotylous. The caraway grows well in hot and clear weather and on soil of moderate humidity. It grows wild in the Mediterranean region, Asia Minor, India, and Middle and East Asia. It is grown for essential oil in many countries, including India, Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey, the People’s Republic of China, Argentina, and North Africa. In the USSR it is grown in the Chuia Valley (Kirghizia); some biotypes grow in the central zone of the European USSR. The fruit contains 2.5–10 percent essential oil (with 35–40 percent thymol), 20–32 percent oil, and 15–17 percent albumin. The thymol is used in medicine, in perfume and cosmetic products, for paint and lacquer, and in the food and other industries. The de-thymolized essential oil (thymine) is used in making soap. The waste of the fruit processing makes good animal fodder. The seeds grow at a temperature of 8°C. Shoots appear 12–20 days after planting, depending on the temperature and humidity of the soil. The vegetation period is 120–156 days. The caraway is sown in early spring; in Kirghizia it can also be sown by the early winter, but the plantings need irrigation. The caraway is harvested with the two-stage method—the mowing process separated from the threshing—when the fruit in the umbels of the first-grown plants becomes brown among 60–70 percent of the plants. With good agrotechnology the harvest yield is 8–12 metric centners (800–1,200 kg) per ha.



Carum carvi. A white-flowered perennial herb of the family Umbelliferae; the fruit is used as a spice and flavoring agent.


1. an umbelliferous Eurasian plant, Carum carvi, having finely divided leaves and clusters of small whitish flowers.
2. caraway seed the pungent aromatic one-seeded fruit of this plant, used in cooking and in medicine
References in periodicals archive ?
Ladle soup into 3 to 5 bowls; sprinkle withshredded carrot, reserved cheese slices, and remaining caraway seed.
Roug cooked beetroot and place in a food processor along with the juice of 1 lemon, 1 garlic clove, the walnuts, 3 tbsp sour cream and the ground caraway seeds.
Sprinkle 1 tablespoon caraway seeds over the chicken.
Mix 3tbsp cumin seeds, 1tbsp caraway seeds, 2tsp coriander seeds, 2tsp yellow mustard seeds, 1tsp fennel seeds, 1tsp garlic granules, 1tsp paprika and a 5cm strip of lemon peel with the pith removed.
Mix 3 tbsp cumin seeds, 1 tbsp caraway seeds, 2 tsp coriander seeds, 2 tsp yellow mustard seeds, 1 tsp fennel seeds, 1 tsp garlic granules, 1 tsp paprika and a 5cm strip of lemon peel with the pith removed.
In Iranian ancient and folk medicine, it is believed that caraway seeds possess antiepileptic effects.
INGREDIENTS 1 savoy cabbage (whole) 2tbsp extra virgin rapeseed oil 150g smoked lardons (diced) 2 garlic cloves (roughly crushed) 1/2tsp mild curry powder 1tsp caraway seeds 1tsp celery seeds 3tbsp creme fraiche Crushed black pepper (to taste) METHOD FOR THE CABBAGE: Cut the cabbage in half, remove the dry leaves and the stalk.
Options included a savoury and sweet tribute to Arabia with flavours of saffron, rose water, dates, cardamom, cumin, pistachios, bee pollen and caraway seeds informing the extensive Afternoon Tea creations.
Alan, who came up with the design based on the creation of chara - a drink made from caraway seeds and blended with milk during the Roman Empire - said: "It was amazing when I found out.
Heat oil in a skilA[degrees] let, cook onions, stir until golden, add caraway seeds, coriander, crushed red pepper and 1/2tsp salt for about 1 minute.
PORK, BAY, WATERCRESS (SERVES 8-10) INGREDIENTS 2kg pork cheeks 3 medium cooking chorizo sausages 4 country-style pork sausages 5 rashers streaky bacon, roughly diced 1/2tbsp fennel seeds 1/2tbsp caraway seeds 2 fennel bulbs, cut into quarters 500g tinned peeled plum tomatoes 5 garlic cloves, peeled 2 large red onions, finely chopped 1/2 head of celery, roughly chopped 2 bay leaves 1/2 rosemary branch 250ml apple juice 750ml chicken stock Salt and freshly ground black pepper Cooked cannellini beans To serve: Aioli Watercress METHOD PREHEAT the oven to 225C/ Gas 7.
Harissa's a paste that is typically made from various dried red chili peppers, cumin, coriander, caraway seeds, and garlic.