carbon fixation


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carbon fixation

[′kär·bən fik¦sā·shən]
(cell and molecular biology)
During photosynthesis, the process by which plants convert carbon dioxide from the air into organic molecules.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
In anaerobic autotrophic bacteria, carbon fixation is accomplished by pathways that share the reductive synthesis of the common intermediate, acetyl-CoA, generated from 2[CO.sub.2] and 8[H] (Fuchs, 1989).
The bicarbonate ion actually enters into carbon fixation. Oxygen is released and may exist in the stomata.
However, leaf fall offsets this imbalance, although it also decreases carbon fixation, which may also be negatively impacted by the respiration of the disproportionate shoot wood accumulation.
The Energy Policy Act of 1992 directed the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to establish a mechanism for the voluntary collection of information on reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and carbon fixation. Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases 2001 is the EIA's eighth annual summary of data collected under the Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Program.
The duration and magnitude of phytoplankton primary productivity impacts carbon fixation, carbon export, and air-sea carbon flux, so this work results in more accurate estimates of the oceanic net carbon biological uptake.
The law addresses four key environmental services offered by plantations and forests: (1) carbon fixation, (2) watershed protection, (3) biodiversity resources, and (4) protection of natural forest ecosystems located in zones of particular interest.
Consequently, for those mixotrophs, photosynthetic carbon fixation has been interpreted as a survival strategy when food densities are low (Andersson et al.
Cereal grains with C3 metabolism, including rice, wheat, barley, oats, and rye, show yield increases ranging from 25 to 64 percent, resulting from a rise in carbon fixation and reduction in photo-respiration.
The energy and reducing power needed by the vent bacteria for carbon fixation are generated by the oxidation of sulfur compounds.
*Can timber-stand improvements in existing forest increase net carbon fixation? How much?
The annual carbon fixation amounts in the vegetations of Moso bamboo, Chinese fir, and Masson pine stands were 6.34, 3.13, and 3.69 tC/ha/year, respectively.

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