carbonic acid

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Related to carbonic acid: carbolic acid

carbonic acid,

H2CO3, a weak dibasic acid (see acids and basesacids and bases,
two related classes of chemicals; the members of each class have a number of common properties when dissolved in a solvent, usually water. Properties
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) formed when carbon dioxidecarbon dioxide,
chemical compound, CO2, a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas that is about one and one-half times as dense as air under ordinary conditions of temperature and pressure. It does not burn, and under normal conditions it is stable, inert and nontoxic.
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 dissolves in water; it exists only in solution. Carbonic acid forms carbonate and bicarbonate (or acid carbonate) salts (see carbonatecarbonate
, chemical compound containing the carbonate radical or ion, CO3−2. Most familiar carbonates are salts that are formed by reacting an inorganic base (e.g., a metal hydroxide) with carbonic acid.
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) by reaction with bases. It contributes to the sharp taste of carbonated beverages.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Carbonic Acid


H2CO3, a weak dibasic acid that under normal conditions exists only in dilute aqueous solutions. Carbonic acid is formed when carbon dioxide dissolves in water: Carbonic Acid. Under normal conditions, the total amount of carbonic acid in a solution saturated with CO2 does not exceed 1 percent of the CO2 content. The dissociation constants are K1 = 4.0 × 10–7 and K2 = 5.2 × 10–11 at 18°C. Carbonic acid decomposes completely when its solutions are heated, liberating CO2. Depending on the basicity, the acid forms two series of salts. The neutral salts, known as carbonates, have the Carbonic Acid anion, and the acid salts, known as bicarbonates, have the Carbonic Acid anion.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

carbonic acid

[kär′bän·ik ′as·əd]
(inorganic chemistry)
H2CO3 The acid formed by combination of carbon dioxide and water.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

carbonic acid

a weak acid formed when carbon dioxide combines with water: obtained only in aqueous solutions, never in the pure state. Formula: H2CO3
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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