carbonization

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carbonization

[‚kär·bə·nə′zā·shən]
(chemistry)
The conversion of a carbon-containing substance to carbon or a carbon residue as the destructive distillation of coal by heat in the absence of air, yielding a solid residue with a higher percentage of carbon than the original coal; carried on for the production of coke and of fuel gas.
(geochemistry)
In the coalification process, the accumulation of residual carbon by changes in organic material and their decomposition products.
Deposition of a thin film of carbon by slow decay of organic matter underwater.
A process of converting a carbonaceous material to carbon by removal of other components.
References in periodicals archive ?
Kameyama K, Shinogi Y, Miyamoto T, Agarie K (2010) Estimation of net carbon sequestration potential with farmland application of bagasse charcoal: Life cycle inventory analysis through a pilot sugarcane bagasse carbonisation plant.
Some German research groups are so enthused by the promise of hydrothermal carbonisation that they're calling green coal a genuine alternative to current technologies such as solar cells and wind turbines - and are planning on building a green coal pilot plant this year.
It's not sensible for us to compare the different technologies, like solar panels, against hydrothermal carbonisation, as they're very different.
In the pitch thus treated, Elbs cyclisation reaction takes places after several hours of heating at a temperature of about 370 [degrees]C; the aromaticity increases significantly, which is reflected in a high carbonisation residue (Blanco, 2000).
This paper descried the possibility of increasing the carbonisation residue of the reaction of coal tar pitch with 9.
Wood vinegar is a liquid byproduct obtained from the carbonisation process by cooling the smoke emissions with air or water.
Therefore, some construction companies have switched from incineration to carbonisation and intended to use the charcoal not only in agriculture but also for humidity control in houses and buildings.
The new plant will feature polymerisation and carbonisation lines, and associated state-of-the-art control laboratories and offices.
The project will install multifunctional carbonisation retorts, powered by rice husk and other agricultural waste.
It supports the introduction of more efficient carbonisation techniques for use by charcoal producers, and assists the makers of energy-efficient stoves with the production and marketing of their products.