Chronic and severe excess of cortisol levels is associated with life-threatening infections  and most patients with bronchial carcinoids
present with cough, hemoptysis, or recurrent chest infections .
Particularly, the degree of uptake and the different uptake patterns on [[sup.18]F]FDG and [sup.68]Ga-SST-analogues PET or PET/CT maybe helpful to differentiate typical from atypical carcinoids
. [sup.68]Ga-SST-analogues PET/CT maybeusefulalsotostage lung cancer (especiallyfor theearly identification of bone lesions) and to select patients for the best treatment option, including PRRT.
Gold, "Tumor size and depth predict rate of lymph node metastasis and utilization of lymph node sampling in surgically managed gastric carcinoids
," Annals of Surgical Oncology, vol.
Overall survival is good for the well-differentiated Typical Carcinoid
tumors is 92-100% and moderate for AC 61-88%, whereas the higher grade, poorly differentiated SCLC and LCNET have a grim prognosis with OS as low as 5%
From the archives of the AFIP: Gastrointestinal carcinoids
: imaging features with clinicopathologic comparison.
Based on the patient's symptoms and imaging studies, we suspected that she had a carcinoid
tumor with mesenteric involvement.
Genetic alterations in goblet cell carcinoids
of the vermiform appendix and comparison with gastrointestinal carcinoid
Pulmonary neuroendocrine (carcinoid
) tumors: European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society expert consensus and recommendations for best practice for typical and atypical pulmonary carcinoids
Typical pulmonary carcinoid
is known as a low-grade subtype of lung neuroendocrine tumor (NET) and is characterized by an indolent nature.
tumor of testis is a rare type of testicular cancer accounting for less than 1% of all testicular tumors.
Thomas et al., "Management of bronchial carcinoids
: international practice survey among the European Society of Thoracic Surgeons," Future Oncology, vol.
An excessive release of these active substances caused by different triggers like surgery/anaesthesia, interventional diagnostic and therapy, radionuclide therapy, medication, and examination can lead to carcinoid
crisis characterized by dramatic blood pressure fluctuation, arrhythmias, bronchospasm, and mental disturbances [8-13].