Cardiac Asthma

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Asthma, Cardiac


sharp attacks of shortness of breath (dyspnea) caused by acute weakness of the left ventricle.

Cardiac asthma may develop in association with hypertonic disease, myocardial infarction, heart defects, chronic nephritis, and so forth. Attacks of cardiac asthma last from several minutes to several hours. Cardiac asthma patients sometimes develop pulmonary edema.

Cardiac asthma is treated with heart- and vessel-dilating drugs, narcotics, oxygen, diuretics, and hypotensive drugs (in cases of high blood pressure). Prophylaxis is the treatment of the disease causing cardiac asthma.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Emerson recalled, "We had four daughters when my husband, a teacher who was practically born with cardiac asthma, in the winter of 1943 was so ill his doctor just said, `Bill, you either leave Minnesota or you don't ever work again.' So we moved to San Diego."
We did exclude patients with the following diagnoses: specifically induced asthmatic syndromes (such as exercise-induced, seasonally associated, or cat-induced asthma), cardiac asthma, asthma with associated pectus excavatum, "chest pain syndrome," "chest wall syndrome," pneumonia, pneumothorax, and pneumomediastinum.
Congestive heart failure can bring on the same symptoms when the lungs fill with fluid, a condition known as cardiac asthma.

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