1 and Table 1 were from 2 separate human cardiac biopsy
A 16-year-old male underwent a cardiac biopsy
as part of routine post-transplant surveillance, with anaesthesia including nitrous oxide/oxygen/sevoflurane, fentanyl 1.0 [micro]g/kg and vecuronium.
During my tenure of this post, I introduced exercise stress tests, M-Mode, 2-D, Doppler and color flow echocardiography, 24- hour electrocardiography, nuclear cardiology, cardiac pacing, cardiac electrophysiology, cardiac biopsy
, coronary angioplasty, endocardial ablation, and implantation of cardiac defibrillators.
In the case of our patient, multiple invasive and non-invasive diagnostic modalities were used, including two-dimensional echocardiography, tissue Doppler echocardiography, cardiac catheterisation, computed tomography (CT) chest scan and cardiac biopsy
. There were elements of both restrictive and constrictive disease in these investigations which made treatment options difficult to choose from.