Decompensation

(redirected from cardiac decompensation)
Also found in: Dictionary, Medical.

decompensation

[dē‚käm·pən′sā·shən]
(psychology)
The deterioration of existing defense mechanisms, leading to an exacerbation of pathologic behavior.

Decompensation

 

disturbance of the activity of an organ, a system of organs, or the entire organism, as a result of exhaustion or disruption of its adaptive mechanisms.

Harmful influences that cause significant changes in the organism disturb the constant equilibrium between the organism and the external environment. After some time, the organism adapts itself to the new conditions of existence (for example, the heart muscle hypertrophies when there are heart defects) and equilibrium is restored—that is, compensation occurs. When there is compensation, the organ (or system) works under an increased load, as a result of which it succumbs more readily to harmful influences.

References in periodicals archive ?
In deciding on the method of anaesthesia for caesarean section or analgesia for labour, the risks of the various techniques must be considered in light of the patient's condition, in particular the presence of spinal AVMs or acute cardiac decompensation, with few publications about the anaesthetic management of parturients with high output cardiac failure secondary to AVMs.
Once intracardiac injury is detected, early surgical repair is recommended to prevent cardiac decompensation and endocarditis (3, 4).
These events may precipitate late cardiac decompensation.
In parallel with changes in cardiac physiology, there are three periods of particular high risk for cardiac decompensation during pregnancy.
1,2) These hormones affect the cardiovascular and gastrointestinal systems in particular, with the former being life threatening because cardiac decompensation frequently occurs in longstanding thyrotoxicosis, even without any underlying cardiac disease.
This causes sometimes complications like cardiac decompensation or disturbances of the circular system, which cannot be handled any more by ophthalmologists.
At the visit after a brief admission for cardiac decompensation, Frank was clearly rattled.
With the Heart Failure Monitor and new Thoracic Impedance Trend Chart, physicians have access to important diagnostic information that may help to prevent emergency hospitalization of heart failure patients by allowing intervention to occur prior to cardiac decompensation.
End-stage heart disease" commonly refers to an irreversible stage of cardiac decompensation caused by a variety of pathologies that cannot be treated using conventional drugs or traditional surgical treatments.
The increase in cardiac output due to pregnancy and uterine contractions may result into cardiac decompensation which is better avoided under epidural anaesthesia.