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drugs to further blunt increases in cardiac output; they also suggest that noninvasive measurement of cardiac reserve could identify patients with low cardiac reserve who could benefit from closer monitoring and new approaches to treatment, he suggested.
The absence of cardioplegic arrest coupled with the hemodynamic stability guaranteed during extensive heart manipulation is the biggest benefits coming from this technique, especially in patients with limited cardiac reserve.
The number of forms returned for cardiac reserve assessment were 29 (AK) and 25 (MM), and for assessment of the likelihood of transfusion, 26 and 18 respectively.

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